Volume 3, Issue 3 (Summer 2017 -- 2017)                   JCCNC 2017, 3(3): 197-204 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Salih Mohammed Amin Kamali A, Sadeghi R, Tol A, Yaseri M. Predictors of Health-Promoting Behaviors Among Kurdish Healthcare Providers in Iraqi Kurdista. JCCNC. 2017; 3 (3) :197-204
URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-132-en.html
1- Department of Health Promotion and Education, School of Public Health, International Campus, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- PhD Department of Health Promotion and Education, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , sadeghir@tums.ac.ir
3- Department of Health Promotion and Education, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4- Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (625 Views)
Background: Health-promotion is universally accepted as the effective method for modifying the behavior of individuals towards ideal health. Thus, the present cross-sectional predictive study determined the predictors of health-promoting behaviors among Kurdish Healthcare Providers in Iraqi Kurdistan.
Methods: Demographic data were collected from a sample of 460 healthcare providers instead of the standard questionnaire of health-promoting lifestyle profile-II. These data were analyzed using descriptive statistics (mean and frequency) as well as inferential statistics including KST, t-test, Mann-Whiney test, ANOVA, and Wilcoxon sign-rank test using SPSS version 23.
Results: Approximately 55% of the participants were male, and 67.4 % were married. In addition, > 72.5 % of the participants had a family comprising of at least four members. Although 42 % of the participants had < 5 years of work experience, an 82.1 % of the current study population held a Diploma. Moreover, 45.4 % of the healthcare providers exhibited satisfaction with their income. The current study revealed that healthcare providers perceived that the health status was significantly predictive of the nutritional behavior and physical activity to gender (P = 0.002, P = 0.003, respectively), spiritual growth to education level (0.014) and income satisfaction (0.02), as well as, interpersonal relation to expertise, (0.046), and work experience (0.036). Among all the samples scored, physical activities were found to be the lowest, while the spiritual growth was the highest.
Conclusion: The results illustrated that the participants do not undergo the complete health-promoting behaviors, especially, physical activity. However, these behaviors play a critical role in health maintenance as well as improving the quality of life. Hence, the provision of strategies, including those in accordance with predictors of health-promoting behaviors, is vital for improving the health status of the healthcare providers. 
Full-Text [PDF 596 kb]   (109 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (43 Views)  
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/01/6 | Accepted: 2017/05/19 | Published: 2017/08/1

References
1. Al Kandari, F., Vidal, V. L. & Thomas, D., 2008. Health-promoting lifestyle and body mass index among College of Nursing students in Kuwait: A correlational study. Nursing & Health Sciences, 10(1), pp. 43–50. doi: 10.1111/j.1442-2018.2007.00370.x [DOI:10.1111/j.1442-2018.2007.00370.x]
2. Alkhawaldeh, O., 2013. Health promoting lifestyles of Jordanian university students. International Journal of Advanced Nursing Studies, 3(1). doi: 10.14419/ijans.v3i1.1931 [DOI:10.14419/ijans.v3i1.1931]
3. Baheiraei, A. et al., 2013. Health-promoting behaviors and social support in Iranian women of reproductive age: A sequential explanatory mixed methods study. International Journal of Public Health, 59(3), pp. 465–73. doi: 10.1007/s00038-013-0513-y [DOI:10.1007/s00038-013-0513-y]
4. Beser, A., Bahar, Z. & Buyakkaya, D., 2007. Health promoting behaviors and factors related to lifestyle among Turkish workers and occupational health nurses' responsibilities in their health promoting activities. Industrial Health, 45(1), pp. 151-9. doi: 10.2486/indhealth.45.151 [DOI:10.2486/indhealth.45.151]
5. Chen, M. Y., James, K. & Wang, E. K., 2007. Comparison of health-promoting behavior between Taiwanese and American adolescents: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 44(1), pp. 59–69. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2005.11.015 [DOI:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2005.11.015]
6. Chiou, A. F., Hsu, S. P. & Hung, H. F., 2016. Predictors of health-promoting behaviors in Taiwanese patients with coronary artery disease. Applied Nursing Research, 30, pp. 1–6. doi: 10.1016/j.apnr.2015.08.008 [DOI:10.1016/j.apnr.2015.08.008]
7. Cockerham, W. C., 2007. Social causes of health and disease. Cambridge: Polity. [PMCID]
8. Fahimen, S. S., et al., 2007. The review on lifestyle and its relation with the pregnancy outcomes in the pregnant women coming to educational hospitals of Tabriz in 2004. Research Journal of Medical Sciences, 1(2), pp. 91-4.
9. Ginsborg, J. et al., 2009. Healthy behaviours in music and non-music performance students. Health Education, 109(3), pp. 242–58. doi: 10.1108/09654280910955575 [DOI:10.1108/09654280910955575]
10. Hosseini, M. et al., 2014. Health-promoting behaviors and their association with certain demographic characteristics of nursing students of Tehran City in 2013. Global Journal of Health Science, 7(2). doi: 10.5539/gjhs.v7n2p264 [DOI:10.5539/gjhs.v7n2p264]
11. Hosseini, M., Ashktorab, T., & Taghdisi, M. H., 2013. Health promotion lifestyle in nursing students: A systematic review. Journal of Health Promotion Management, 2(1), pp. 66-79.
12. Huang, S. L., Li, R. H. & Tang, F. C., 2010. Comparing disparities in the health-promoting lifestyles of Taiwanese workers in various occupations. Industrial Health, 48(3), pp. 256–64. doi: 10.2486/indhealth.48.256 [DOI:10.2486/indhealth.48.256]
13. Kamali, A. S. M. A., et al., 2016. Reliability and validity of Kurdish language version of health promoting lifestyle profile II among Kurdish healthcare providers Kurdish version of HPLP-II. Archives of Iranian Medicine, 19(12): pp. 824-31. [PMID]
14. Kara, B., 2015. The efficacy of an educational intervention on health behaviors in a sample of Turkish female nursing students: A longitudinal, quasi-experimental study. Nurse Education Today, 35(1), pp. 146–51. doi: 10.1016/j.nedt.2014.08.015 [DOI:10.1016/j.nedt.2014.08.015]
15. Kim, S. H., 2009. Older people's expectations regarding ageing, health-promoting behaviour and health status. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 65(1), pp. 84–91. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2008.04841.x [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2008.04841.x]
16. Kreutz, G., 2008. Music students' health problems and health-promoting behaviours. Medical Problems of Performing Artists, 23(1), pp. 3-11.
17. Lee, F. H. & Wang, H. H., 2005. A preliminary study of a health-promoting lifestyle among Southeast Asian women in Taiwan. The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences, 21(3), pp. 114–20. doi: 10.1016/s1607-551x(09)70287-6. [DOI:10.1016/S1607-551X(09)70287-6]
18. Mirghafourvand, M. et al., 2014. A population-based study of health-promoting behaviors and their predictors in Iranian women of reproductive age. Health Promotion International, 30(3), pp. 586–94. doi: 10.1093/heapro/dat086. [DOI:10.1093/heapro/dat086]
19. Mirghafourvand, M., Sehhati, F., & Rahimi, M., 2014. Health-promoting lifestyle and its demographic predictors in infertile couples referred to infertility clinic of tabriz al-zahra hospital, 2013. Journal of caring sciences, 3(3), pp. 175-84. doi: 10.5681/jcs.2014.019
20. Nacar, M. et al., 2014. Health promoting lifestyle behaviour in medical students: A multicentre study from Turkey. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, 15(20), pp. 8969–74. doi: 10.7314/apjcp.2014.15.20.8969. [DOI:10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.20.8969]
21. Panebianco Warrens, C. R., Fletcher, L. & Kreutz, G., 2014. Health-promoting behaviors in South African music students: A replication study. Psychology of Music, 43(6), pp. 779–92. doi: 10.1177/0305735614535829. [DOI:10.1177/0305735614535829]
22. Peker, K., & Bermek, G., 2011. Predictors of health-promoting behaviors among freshman dental students at Istanbul University. Journal of dental education, 75(3), pp. 413-20. PMID: 21368265 [PMID]
23. Pender, N., Murdaugh, C. & Parsons, M., 2002. The health promotion model. Health Promotion in Nursing Practice (pp. 59-79). New York: Appleton & Lange.
24. Pirincci, E. et al., 2008. Factors affecting health-promoting behaviours in academic staff. Public Health, 122(11), pp. 1261–3. doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2008.04.006. [DOI:10.1016/j.puhe.2008.04.006]
25. Schopp, L. H. et al., 2015. Act healthy: Promoting health behaviors and self-efficacy in the workplace. Health Education Research, 30(4), pp. 542–53. doi: 10.1093/her/cyv024. [DOI:10.1093/her/cyv024]
26. Scott, D. & Happell, B., 2011. The high prevalence of poor physical health and unhealthy lifestyle behaviours in individuals with severe mental illness. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 32(9), pp. 589–97. doi: 10.3109/01612840.2011.569846. [DOI:10.3109/01612840.2011.569846]
27. Shariferad, G. et al., 2013. Health-promoting lifestyle and quality of life among undergraduate students at school of health, Isfahan university of medical sciences. Journal of Education and Health Promotion, 2(1), p. 11. doi: 10.4103/2277-9531.108006. [DOI:10.4103/2277-9531.108006]
28. Sousa, P. et al., 2014. Measuring health-promoting behaviors: Cross-cultural validation of the health-promoting lifestyle profile-II. International Journal of Nursing Knowledge, 26(2), pp. 54–61. doi: 10.1111/2047-3095.12065. [DOI:10.1111/2047-3095.12065]
29. Steyn, K., & Damasceno, A., 2006. Lifestyle and related risk factors for chronic diseases. Disease and Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa, 2, pp. 247-65.
30. Vançelik, S., et al., 2007. Nutrition knowledge and habits and associated factors in University Students. TSK Preventive Medicine Bulletin, 6, pp. 242-8.
31. Vlismas, K., Stavrinos, V., & Panagiotakos, D. B., 2009. Socio-economic status, dietary habits and health-related outcomes in various parts of the world: A review. Central European Journal of Public Health, 17(2), p. 55-63. PMID: 19662821 [PMID]
32. Wallace, K., 2000. Determinants of health promoting behaviors in older adults [MSc. thesis]. Allendale Charter Township, Michigan: Grand Valley State University.
33. Wei, C. N. et al., 2011. Assessment of health-promoting lifestyle profile in Japanese university students. Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine, 17(3), pp. 222–7. doi: 10.1007/s12199-011-0244-8. [DOI:10.1007/s12199-011-0244-8]
34. World Health Organization, 2005. The Bangkok charter for health promotion in a globalized world. Geneva: World Health Organization.
35. World Health Organization, 2015a. Fact sheets: Non-communicable diseases. Geneva: World Health Organization.
36. World Health Organization, 2015b. Health topics: Physical activity. Geneva: World Health Organization.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
Write the security code in the box

Send email to the article author


Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb