Volume 6, Issue 4 (Autumn - In Press 2020)                   JCCNC 2020, 6(4): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page


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1- Department of Counseling, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Branch of Science and Research, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Psychology and Education Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, Khatam University, Tehran, Iran. , a.khodabakhshid@khatam.ac.ir
3- Department of Assessment and Measurement, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (499 Views)

Background: Homelessness, as a common phenomenon in all human societies, has many social, psychological, and physical consequences for the homeless and society as a whole. This study aimed to explore the role of psychological and social security in predicting depression among women living in homeless shelters in Tehran.
Methods: This study was conducted using a descriptive correlational design. The research population included all women living in homeless shelters in Tehran in 2020. The participants were selected using random and multi-stage cluster sampling. Two homeless shelters (Lavizan Shelter in District 4 and Aftab Niloufari Shelter in Chitgar, District 22) were selected. The final sample included 150 women. The data were collected using the Security-Insecurity Inventory (Maslow et al., 1953) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI; Beck et al., 1961). The collected data were analyzed using the multiple regression analysis with SPSS software (version 22).
Results: The results showed that the feeling of psychological security can predict depression in women (R = 0.48). It was also shown that approximately 23% of the variances in depression can be explained by psychological security. Therefore, it can be claimed with 99% confidence that psychological security can predict depression in women. Moreover, the feeling of social security can predict the rate of depression in women (MR = - 0.55). This implies that approximately 30% of the variances of depression can be explained by social security. The beta coefficient for social security was -0.55. Accordingly, it can be claimed with 99% confidence that social security can predict depression in women. The negative signs of the beta coefficients indicated a negative relationship between the predictor and criterion variables. In other words, the higher the psychological and social security, the lower the rate of depression in women.
Conclusion: This study showed that womenchr('39')s psychological and social security levels are correlated with the degree of depression experienced by them. Using the insights from this study, counselors, psychiatric nurses and other mental health professionals can create a friendly and safe environment for clients to express their feelings, and by treating their depression, help them return to their normal life.

     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/10/2 | Accepted: 2020/10/26 | Published: 2020/11/20