Volume 1, Issue 3 (Summer 2015 -- 2015)                   JCCNC 2015, 1(3): 119-124 | Back to browse issues page

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Najafi Ghezeljeh T, Kassaye Tessma M, Emami A. Sex Differences and Symptoms of Acute Coronary Syndrome. JCCNC. 2015; 1 (3) :119-124
URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-38-en.html
1- Department of Critical Care Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , najafi.t@iums.ac.ir
2- Medical Statistics Unit, Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
3- School of Nursing, University of Washington, Seattle, United State of America.
Abstract:   (1235 Views)

Background: The purpose of this study was to examine symptoms of acute coronary syndrom (ACS) with resect to sex differences.
Methods: This comparative cross-sectional study was performed on patients older than 20 years with ACS who were hospitalized at cardiac wards. Sampling was performed through stratified sampling on the basis of sex. Five hundred male and female patients met all eligiblity criteria. The questionnaire included demographic, disease characteristics, and the Iranian version of the accompanying symptom checklist. Data collection completed over one year. SPSS version 21 was used for data analyses by using Chi-square test, independent t test and Multiple logistic regression. The level of significance was specified at 0.05.
Results: Men reported tiredness (77.2%), weakness (72.4%), diaphoresis (70.0%) and anxiety (83.6%) as their most frequent symptoms. For women, the most frequently chosen symptoms were anxiety (94.8%), tiredness (90.0%), palpitation (85.2%), and weakness (82.8%). Statistically significant differences were observed between women and men with regard to symptoms. Multiple logistic regression indicated that sex was the most important explanatory variable, which is independently associated with different symptoms.

Conclusion: According to the results, significant differences were observed between women and men regarding ACS symptoms. The major implication of this investigation is the need for accurate cardiac assessment according to sex. Further research should investigate the nature and consequences of sex differences in language use of initial presentation with coronary symptoms, through the referral process.

Full-Text [PDF 498 kb]   (540 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/01/13 | Accepted: 2015/06/28 | Published: 2015/08/1

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