Volume 2, Issue 1 (Winter 2016 -- 2016)                   JCCNC 2016, 2(1): 63-69 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Borimnejad L, Salmanyazdi N, Haghani H. Study of the Stature Structure of 10-12 Years Old Female Students in Selected Elementary Schools in Tehran. JCCNC. 2016; 2 (1) :63-69
URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-86-en.html
1- PhD Center for Nursing Care Research, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , l.borimnejad@gmail.com
2- Department of Pediatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (469 Views)

Background: One of the common problems in early adolescence is skeletal disorders which has an international dimension to the extent that structural and postural abnormalities screening programs are in schools agenda in different countries for years. This study aimed to determine skeletal structure of female students aged 10 to 12 years in Tehran.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study after using cluster random sampling method, 283 students in fourth and fifth grades registered in academic year 2013-2014 were recruited. We investigated the skeletal structure of them by body analysis software, their demographic information by a questionnaires and their anthropometric characteristics by using standard scale. The obtained data were analyzed through descriptive statistical tests, the Chi-square test, and Kendall correlation coefficient using SPSS version 19.
Results: About 6% of students (n=17) had no skeletal disorder and the rest suffered from at least one problem. Two students (0.7%) suffered from 7 disorders simultaneously. The highest percentage of obesity (39.7%) was seen in 12 years age group and the most frequent underweight (8.2%) was observed in 14 students in the age group of 10 years. About 1.8% of subjects (n=5) suffered from forward head disorder. Also, 5.7% of children (n=16) suffered from hallux valgus. The Chi-squared statistical analysis showed that there is a significant relationship between hallux valgus disorder and age (P=0.001). Finally, 20.1% of children suffered from flat foot and 22.6% of them had high foot arch.
Conclusion: The majority of female students in Tehran suffered from at least one or two stature and skeletal abnFormalities. The timely detection of the problem can prevent the progress and complications of these disorders.

Full-Text [PDF 584 kb]   (224 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2015/09/5 | Accepted: 2015/12/15 | Published: 2016/02/1

References
1. Abolarin, TO, Aiyegbusi, AI, Tella, BA & Akinbo, SR 2011, 'Relationship between selected anthropometric variables and prevalence of flatfoot among urban and rural school children in south west Nigeria', Nigerian Quarterly Journal of Hospital Medicine, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 135-40. PMID: 21913511 [PMID]
2. Akbarfahimi, N, Jadidi, B, Shahi, Z & Jadidi, H 2009, '[The impact of exercise therapy on the musculoskeletal abnormalities of blind boy students of 12-18 years old at Tehran Mohebbi blind school [Persian]', Koomesh, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 307-13.
3. Chang, JH, Wang, SH, Kuo, CL, Shen, HC, Hong, YW & Lin, LC 2010, 'Prevalence of flexible flatfoot in Taiwanese school-aged chil-dren in relation to obesity, gender, and age, European Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 169, no. 4, pp. 447-52. doi: 10.1007/s00431-009-1050-9 [DOI:10.1007/s00431-009-1050-9]
4. Chen, JP, Chung, MJ & Wang, MJ 2009, 'Flatfoot prevalence and foot dimensions of 5- to 13-year-old children in Taiwan', Foot Ankle International, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 326-32. doi: 10.3113/FAI.2009.0326. [DOI:10.3113/FAI.2009.0326]
5. Cousins, SD, Morrison, SC & Drechsler, WI 2013, 'Foot loading patterns in normal weight, overweight and obese children aged 7 to 11 years', Journal of Foot & Ankle Research, vol. 6, pp. 36. doi: 10.1186/1757-1146-6-36 [DOI:10.1186/1757-1146-6-36]
6. Danielsson, AJ, Hasserius, R, Ohlin, A & Nachemson, AL 2010, 'Health-related quality of life in untreated versus brace-treated pa-tients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis a long-term follow-up', Spine, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 199–205. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e3181c89f4a [DOI:10.1097/BRS.0b013e3181c89f4a]
7. Evans, AM & Rome, KA 2011, 'Cochrane review of the evidence for non-surgical interventions for flexible pediatric flat feet', Europe-an Journal of Physical & Rehabilitation Medicine, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 69-89. PMID: 21448121 [PMID]
8. Patel, J, Walker, JL, Talwalkar, VR, Iwinski, HJ & Milbrandt, TA 2011, 'Milbrand correlation of spine deformity, lung function, and seat pressure in Spina Bifida, Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research, vol. 469, no. 5, pp. 1302–307. doi: 10.1007/s11999-010-1687-8 [DOI:10.1007/s11999-010-1687-8]
9. Mirzaee, R & Salimi N, 2012, '[Survey of prevalence of skeletal disorders in student at Bayangan Kermanshah (Persian)]', Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 565-57.
10. Mozaffari, R & Naba'i, B 2003, '[Survey the prevalence of obesity in female students at primary school in Tehran (Persian)]', Payesh, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 15-19.
11. Payne, WK, Ogilvie, JW, Resnick, MD, Kane, RL, Transfeldt, EE & Blum, RW 1997, 'Does scoliosis have a psychological impact and does gender make a difference?', Spine, vol. 22, no. 12, pp. 1380-384. PMID: 9201842 [DOI:10.1097/00007632-199706150-00017] [PMID]
12. Petrović, J, Puzović, V, Djordjevic D, Obrenovic M, Medic, V & Jakovljevic, V 2012, 'Prevalence of spine deformity among 7-11 year old children', Medicinski časopis, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 187-90. doi: 10.5937/mckg46-1712 [DOI:10.5937/mckg46-1712]
13. Rahimi Gh & Hassanpour M, 2007, '[Investigation effect of 8 weeks corrective exercise on curved lumber in female students age be-tween 19-25 (Persian)]', Harkat, vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 69-86.
14. Rahnama, N, Bambaeichi, E, Taghian, F, Nazarian, AB & Abdollahi, M 2010, 'Effect of 8 weeks regular corrective exercise on spinal columns deformities in girl students (Persian)]', Journal of Isfahan Medical School, vol. 27, no. 101, pp. 675-86.
15. Rezaei, S, Rezaei, M, Pourbiazar, M, Hydarian, N & Farshchian, M 2004, '[Prevalence of Kyphosis among the Secondary Students of Kermanshah city (Persian)]', Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 32-43.
16. Saneh, A 2009, '[A comparison between guidance school' girls and boys on the prevalence of the upper organs' postural abnormali-ties (Persian)]', Quarterly Journal of Educational Innovations, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 139-56.
17. Shamsedini, A, Hellisaz, MT, Dalvand, H, Khatibi, AD & Sobhani, V 2011, '[The investigation of prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms and discomfort caused by them in students of Tehran (Persian)]', Journal of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 271-76
18. Whittfield, J, Legg, SJ & Hedderley, DI 2005, 'Schoolbag weight and musculoskeletal symptoms in New Zealand secondary schools', Applied Ergonomics, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 193-98. doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2004.10.004 [DOI:10.1016/j.apergo.2004.10.004]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
Write the security code in the box

Send email to the article author


Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb