Volume 6, Issue 3 (Summer 2020)  

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Abstract (1073 Views) | Full-Text (PDF) (544 Downloads)   |   Full-Text (HTML) (454 Views)   |   Highlights
● In this study, Satir’s Communication Model (SCM) and Narrative Therapy (NT) were used as therapeutic interventions to increase empathy and emotional expression in single young adults.
● The present research findings indicated that the two models of SCM and NT enhanced positive emotions and thoughts, including empathy and emotional expression among the study participants.
● However, NT had a greater effect on dependent variables, compared to the SCM. 
Plain Language Summary 
Preparing young people for marriage and starting a new life requires the acquisition of new emotional and cognitive skills. Some psychological traits, such as empathy and emotional expression lead to positive emotions in couples. As a result, Satir’s Communication Model (SCM) and Narrative Therapy (NT) are therapeutic interventions applicable to increasing healthy emotions as well as self-confidence and empathy among young adults. The collected study results indicated that NT was more effective than SCM on increasing empathy and emotional expression among these young adults. 


Abstract (951 Views) | Full-Text (PDF) (754 Downloads)   |   Full-Text (HTML) (562 Views)   |   Highlights
● Every profession requires particular personality traits.
● Professionalism is partly related to the type of personality.
● Professionalism in nursing is directly associated with conscientiousness, extraversion, and agreeableness. It has a negative association with neuroticism.
Plain Language Summary 
Human personality traits can affect all aspects of life, including interpersonal relationships and job performance. The nature of the nursing profession requires establishing a good relationship with the patients. Thus, determining the relationship between personality traits and nursing performance should be considered. This study suggested that professionalism in nursing was directly related to extroversion, conscientiousness, and agreeableness personality traits. This finding can be used in appointing nurses in different wards.
 

Abstract (639 Views) | Full-Text (PDF) (301 Downloads)   |   Full-Text (HTML) (117 Views)   |   Highlights
● Fever, fatigue, cough, anorexia, myalgia, dyspnea, oliguria, taste impairment, and smell deficiency were among the most frequent symptoms in the studied patients.
● Hypertension and diabetes were the most prevalent comorbidities in the explored patients.
● Respecting lung CT scan, 42.7% of the studied patients had ≥5 involved lobes.
● There was a significant relationship between the location of lung lesions and the patient’s need for suction.
● Fifteen percent of the patients were hospitalized in the ICU, 84% were discharged, and 8.07% died. 
● There was a significant difference between the average Creatinine (Cr) level of the patients who survived and those who died (P<0.05).
Plain Language Summary 
The current study assessed the demographic characteristics, clinical signs, and symptoms, as well as radiological features of hospitalized patients with COVID-19 in Markazi Province, Iran. With the collected information, a better view of the care and treatment of this disease was provided. The present study results suggested that men were more likely to be infected than women; however, there was no association between gender and the odds of COVID-19 infection. Fever, fatigue, cough, anorexia, myalgia, dyspnea, oliguria, taste impairment, and smell damage were the most common symptoms in the studied patients. Hypertension and diabetes were the most prevalent concurrent diseases in the explored patients. In addition to respiratory symptoms, attention to gastrointestinal and neurological disorders is essential for the diagnosis and treatment of this disease.


Abstract (700 Views) | Full-Text (PDF) (334 Downloads)   |   Full-Text (HTML) (353 Views)   |   Highlights
● Rhythmic poetry training was effective in the development of social activities in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). 
● Rhythmic poetry training was effective in the development of linguistic skills in children with ASD. 
● Rhythmic poetry training was effective in the development of writing abilities in children with ASD.
Plain Language Summary 
A growing number of questionable scientific treatments are available for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD); however, intervention programs using the principles of pedagogical songs are recognized as the treatment of choice. This study aimed to investigate the effects of children’s pedagogical songs on the development of social, linguistic, and written activities in children with ASD. The collected results revealed that rhythmic poetry training was effective in the development of social activities, linguistic skills, and writing abilities among these children. 


Abstract (463 Views) | Full-Text (PDF) (241 Downloads)   |   Full-Text (HTML) (112 Views)   |   Highlights
● There was not a significant difference in pregnancy success rate between ICSI and IVF methods. However, in the ovary, tubal, and unexplained infertility, fertilization rate by IVF was more than that of ICSI. Additionally, the fertilization rate by ICSI was more than of IVF in asthenospermia and oligoasthenospermia. 
● The fertility rate in the IVF method was significantly higher than that of ICSI in the tubal factor.
● There was not a significant association between the faults of sperm when using IVF and ICSI.
● In the freeze method, the pregnancy rate was higher than that of the other methods; this discrepancy was found in all causes of infertility.
Plain Language Summary 
Two infertility assistance techniques are In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) and Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI). With the development of assisted reproductive technology, embryo-freezing technology has become an essential part of IVF and ICSI therapies. Cryopreservation and verification technologies have greatly improved the traditional freezing technology. This study revealed that in all types of fertility, frozen-thawed embryo transfer can achieve better results, compared with new embryo transfer. 


Abstract (910 Views) | Full-Text (PDF) (387 Downloads)   |   Full-Text (HTML) (291 Views)   |   Highlights
● Being a refugee and forced to work as a child leads to psychosocial problems in working children.
● Informal education and art therapy reduce psychological traumas in working children. 
● In this research, coloring mandala as Jungian art helped working Afghan children to corporate better with each other and experience less bullying behavior.
Plain Language Summary 
Refugee children are growing around the world. War, economic problems, limited opportunities for work, and welfare are among the reasons that people leave their hometown to search for a better place to live. Mandala art was first introduced by Carl Jung, the Swiss psychiatrist to reduce psychological stress. Coloring mandala has been used for individuals with a speech problem, restricted social contact, those facing psychological trauma, such as war, sexual abuse, and accidents. It is used for children to help them create their art and experience a relaxing time. In this research, a mandala coloring was used for working Afghan boys. The results indicated that their bullying behavior declined, while their social skills increased after the training. 


Abstract (935 Views) | Full-Text (PDF) (660 Downloads)   |   Full-Text (HTML) (252 Views)   |   Highlights
● The importance of evaluation of cultural competence in nursing was discussed.
● Cultural competency assessment tools for nursing were reviewed.
● The tools were compared in psychometric properties.
● Differences in the use of tools were discussed.
Plain Language Summary 
The nurses needs cultural competence for effectively care of patients from different cultures. As regards that cultural competence is composed of different dimensions, there are various tools for measuring it. In this study, these tools and their validity and reliability have been investigated.



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