Volume 5, Issue 2 (Spring 2019)                   JCCNC 2019, 5(2): 123-130 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


1- Department of Peadiatrics Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
2- Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, Student Research Committee, Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
3- Department of Psychiatric-Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
4- Sina Treatment and Educational Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. , nematisina20@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2729 Views)
Background: Parents play a vital role in the assessment and management of pain. There is limited knowledge about parental viewpoint or their participation in the pain management of the neonates admitted to the intensive care units. The present study aimed to assess the viewpoints of mothers about the pain management of neonates/ infants admitted to Tabriz hospitals.
Methods: It was a descriptive cross-sectional study. A total of 255 mothers whose infants had been admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU) were recruited by convenience sampling method from September 2016 to August 2017. The required data were collected using a demographic questionnaire and PAIN questionnaire-Neonatal Intensive Care. The obtained data were analyzed using descriptive statistics in SPSS.
Results: The Mean±SD age of the mothers was 28.38±6.10 years, and the majority of them (39%) had diploma. Among the mothers, 73% believed that their infants had experienced pain during admission to NICU. However, only 19% of the mothers stated that nurses tried to find the signs of pain in their infants; the majority of mothers (80%) indicated that to some extent, they were satisfied with the information they received from the treatment team regarding pain control for their newborns.
Conclusion: Despite the prevalence of pain phenomenon in neonates, mothers’ education for the symptoms of pain in their infants was inadequate. It seems that the mothers’ participation in the pain management of their newborns makes them more capable of caring after discharge from the hospital. The study makes important findings available for future research.
Full-Text [PDF 624 kb]   (963 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (837 Views)  

● Infant pain is among the stress sources in the mothers of infants admitted to NICU.
● Mothers’ education for the symptoms of pain in their infants is inadequate.
● Most of the mothers obtain pain control information from nurses.
● Most pain relief information is obtained orally. 
● Most mothers are satisfied with neonate pain management information provided by nurses.
Plain Language Summary 
Parents play a key role in the management of pain. Furthermore, mothers of infants admitted to NICU are concerned about their infants’ pain. Mothers’ education on the symptoms of infant pain is inadequate. Most of the mothers obtain pain control information from nurses, orally. Stroking or rocking is the most frequent method of pain relief taught by nurses and mothers believe that therapeutic method reduces pain a lot. However, most mothers are satisfied with the received information. Concerning the importance of managing pain in infant, providing mothers with newborns’ pain management, adequate training is needed to educate mothers about pain symptoms to make them more effective in post-discharge care.

Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/10/13 | Accepted: 2019/03/13 | Published: 2019/05/1

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.