Volume 6, Issue 2 (Spring 2020)                   JCCNC 2020, 6(2): 97-108 | Back to browse issues page


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1- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Khomein Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khomein, Iran.
2- Department of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, Khatam University, Tehran, Iran. , a.khodabakhshid@khatam.ac.ir
3- Department of Counseling, Faculty of Humanities, Khomein Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khomein, Iran.
Abstract:   (2485 Views)
Background: The main cause of the tendency to drug abuse among adolescents and young people is the inability to control their emotions. Previous studies have revealed that as the two models of mindfulness-based self-compassion and attachment-based therapy increase self-acceptance and forgiveness in people, they can be useful for reducing the negative emotions. The aim of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of the two models of mindfulness-based self-compassion and attachment-based therapy on the self-criticism and mental fatigue of male adolescents with addiction potential.
Methods: It was a quasi-experimental study. The research population included all high school students in Azna County in the academic year 2018-2019. The participants were selected through cluster sampling. Those with a score above 60 on the Addiction Preparation Scale were randomly assigned to two experimental groups and one control group, each with 15 participants. The instruments used to collect the data were the Addiction Preparation Scale (Wade & Butcher, 1992), the Self-Criticism Questionnaire (Lewis, 1997), and the Psychological Fatigue Questionnaire (Crepe, 1989). The participants in the experimental groups underwent mindful self-compassion and attachment-oriented therapy for 8 and 6 sessions, respectively. The data were analyzed using Multivariate Analysis Of Covariance (MANCOVA) and one-way Analysis Of Variance (ANOVA) by SPSS software V. 21.
Results: The findings showed a significant difference between the experimental and control groups in terms of self-criticism (P=0.001, F=10.21) and mental fatigue (P=0.001, F=5.74) in the post-test phase. The results showed that there was no significant difference between mindful self-compassion treatment and attachment-based therapy in terms of their effects on self-criticism (-0.92±0.71, P=0.20) and mental fatigue (-0.57±0.45, P=0.19) of the male adolescents vulnerable to addiction. 
Conclusion: According to the findings of the study, it can be concluded that mindfulness-based self-compassion and attachment-based therapy are effective in reducing self-criticism and mental fatigue of male adolescents with the addiction potential. Accordingly, the models are suggested to be used by mental health professionals to help adolescents who are potential to addiction.
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● In this study, the mindfulness-based self-compassion and attachment-based therapy models were used as therapeutic interventions to decrease the self-criticism and mental fatigue among male adolescents with addiction potential.
● The findings of this study indicated that the two models of mindfulness-based self-compassion and attachment-based therapy reduced the negative emotions and thoughts, such as self-criticism and fatigue among adolescents with addiction potential.
 ● There was no difference between mindfulness-based self-compassion and attachment-based therapy models in terms of their effect on self-criticism and mental fatigue of male adolescents with addiction potential.
Plain Language Summary 
Addiction readiness is one of the problems, which is more likely to occur in adolescence. Some psychological traits, such as self-criticism and mental fatigue lead to negative emotions in adolescents. As a result, the adolescent may be drawn to drugs to relieve stress and negative emotions. According to the findings of this study, mindfulness-based self-compassion and attachment-based therapy as two therapeutic interventions are applicable and effective for decreasing negative emotions and raising the self-confident and assertive behaviors among adolescents with addiction potential. 

Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2020/01/5 | Accepted: 2020/05/10 | Published: 2020/05/1

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