Volume 6, Issue 4 (Autumn 2020)                   JCCNC 2020, 6(4): 223-230 | Back to browse issues page


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1- epartment of Health and Food Security, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Community Health Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , arahaninia.m@iums.ac.ir
3- Department of Pediatrics & Mental Health Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4- Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (1366 Views)
Background: Health-promoting lifestyle as an important factor in psychological and physical well-being improves the quality of life. A health-centered approach to life can be facilitated through several social components, such as social and cultural capital. This study aimed to determine the relationship between social capital and the health-promoting lifestyle of nursing students.
Methods: It was a descriptive correlational study. A total number of 200 undergraduate nursing students of Iran University of Medical Sciences were recruited using stratified proportional to size sampling. Also, data were collected by the Walker health-promotion lifestyle profile-II and the Onyx and Bullen social capital questionnaire and analyzed using descriptive statistics, the t test, the analysis of variance, and the Pearson correlation coefficient, in SPSS V. 20.
Results: The mean scores of social capital and health-promoting lifestyle was 2.44 and 2.47, respectively. Social capital was significantly associated with the health-promoting lifestyle (P<0.001). Moreover, economic status was significantly correlated with social capital (P=0.004). Also, a significant relationship was observed between employment status and health-promoting lifestyle (P=0.002).
Conclusion: As a step toward having healthy nursing students, the officials, educational policymakers, and faculty members are suggested to take appropriate interventions to promote their social capital.
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● Lifestyle is an important factor that affects health. 
● Health is determined not only by behavioral, biological, and genetic factors but also by a range of economic, environmental, and social factors.
● According to World Health Organization, social capital is the missing link in social inequality and health.
● Low social capital is associated with disease and reduced health and plays an important role in improving access to social care.
● Studies conducted in Iran and other countries have shown that a small number of students have a healthy and desirable lifestyle.
● The results showed a significant relationship between social capital and a health-promoting lifestyle.
Plain Language Summary 
In developing countries, unhealthy lifestyles cause a high percentage of deaths. During adolescence, many adverse health factors can be controlled if detected and corrected early. This study discussed the relationship between social capital and health-promoting lifestyle in the nursing students of Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. According to the results, social capital is significantly related to a health-promoting lifestyle; as social capital increases, the health-promoting lifestyle increases. The score of the social capital of students with good economic status was higher than that of those with poor economic position. Besides, the employment status of the students was associated with their health-promoting lifestyle, so that the health-promoting lifestyle score of employed students was higher than that of the other students.

Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/01/13 | Accepted: 2021/01/24 | Published: 2020/11/1

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