دوره 7، شماره 3 - ( 5-1400 )                   جلد 7 شماره 3 صفحات 174-167 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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Alinejad H, Vazirinejad R, Sayadi A, Hajaliakbari Z, Pakzad Moghadam S H, Ahmadi Gohari M, et al . The Relationship Between COVID-19-induced Death and Chronic Diseases. JCCNC. 2021; 7 (3) :167-174
URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-308-fa.html
The Relationship Between COVID-19-induced Death and Chronic Diseases. Journal of Client-Centered Nursing Care. 1400; 7 (3) :174-167

URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-308-fa.html


چکیده:   (1624 مشاهده)
Background: Morbidity and mortality due to Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) are mainly related to age and comorbidity diseases (hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, malignancies, etc.). These conditions are associated with poorer clinical outcomes and sometimes lead to long-term hospitalization. The current study aimed to investigate the relationship between COVID-19-induced mortality and various chronic diseases in patients admitted to Ali Ibn Abitaleb Hospital in Rafsanjan City, Iran, in 2020. 
Methods: In this retrospective, descriptive, and cross-sectional study, patients with COVID-19 referring to Ali Ibn Abitaleb Hospital in Rafsanjan City, Iran, from March 2020 to September 2020 were assessed. The required data were collected using patients’ records and telephone calls by a researcher-made checklist and analyzed by Independent Samples t-test, Chi-squared test, Fisher’s Exact test, Kaplan-Meier plots, and multivariate regression analysis in SPSS v. 20. 
Results: This study assessed 238 hospitalized patients with COVID-19. The risk of death was significantly higher in patients aged over 75 years; they were 5.5 times more prone to expire, compared to the youngest age group (P<0.001). Chronic diseases, such as hypertension, heart disease, lung disease, and various cancers were more prevalent in patients who expired, compared to those who survived (P≤0.05). Of the patients who died, 73.8% were transferred to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), while only 7.5% of surviving patients were transferred to the ICU (P<0.001). Longer hospitalization was associated with an increased risk of death among patients with underlying diseases and hypertension (P<0.05).
Conclusion: This study identified the role of chronic diseases and other important indicators in the survival of patients with COVID-19 who were admitted to a hospital in Rafsanjan. It is recommended that nurses and healthcare staff consider these findings in the care of patients with COVID-19. 
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نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: عمومى
دریافت: 1400/3/22 | پذیرش: 1400/4/15 | انتشار: 1400/5/10

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