Volume 5, Issue 4 (Autumn 2019)  

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Abstract (2229 Views) | Full-Text (PDF) (1250 Downloads)   |   Full-Text (HTML) (2011 Views)   |   Highlights
● The school health nurses help to promote community healthcare, prevent diseases, and ultimately alleviate illnesses in the educational environment of schools.
● The current study determined the effect of self-awareness training in the mothers who are the head of the family on the self-efficacy of their 10- to 12-year-old sons.
● The obtained results indicated that the self-efficacy score of 10- to 12-year-old boys increased after self-awareness training was provided to their mothers.
● Providing training classes on self-awareness and self-efficacy is recommended to educational planners as a lowcost, feasible, and accessible approach to target groups, including students and parents.
Plain Language Summary
Children in single-parent families spend less time with their parents, compared to nuclear families; as a result, they may suffer weakness in performance and competence. More than 20% of students in Iran suffer from personal problems, such as low capability and family issues. According to the general population and housing census of 2016, the age group of 0-14 years constitutes 24% of the country’s population. Some families in the country include a singleparent, and of these families, 83% are managed by females. This study discussed the effect of self-awareness skill training in the mothers who are the head of the family on the self-efficacy of their 10- to 12-year-old sons. Based on the collected results, self-awareness skill training was effective in self-efficacy. Accordingly, educational program planners could use this method to promote mental health as well as self-efficacy in single-parent children.

Abstract (2419 Views) | Full-Text (PDF) (1184 Downloads)   |   Full-Text (HTML) (2710 Views)   |   Highlights
● Independence in performing the basic and instrumental activities of daily living decreases health costs and increases the quality of life in the elderly.
● Activities of daily living decrease in older adults due to numerous conditions, such as declined biopsychological health, social isolation, and the medications’ adverse effects.
● The current study determined the impact of Group Movie Therapy (GMT) on the activities of daily living in older adults.
● The obtained results indicated that GMT increased the instrumental activities of daily living in older adults.
● It is suggested that GMT to be used as a non-invasive, low-cost, and non-risky approach to increase the elderly’s autonomy in performing the instrumental activities of daily living.
Plain Language Summary
The activities of daily living are among the essential components of life and reflect functional independence in older adults. Declined physical function could impair the activities of daily living. Geriatric nurses must be aware of the non-invasive, low-cost, and non-risky ways to increase the activities of daily living in older adults. The study findings suggested that group movie therapy could play an impotent role in improving the performance of instrumental activities of daily living, such as shopping, food preparation, housekeeping, laundry, and minor home repairs.

Abstract (2571 Views) | Full-Text (PDF) (1459 Downloads)   |   Full-Text (HTML) (1310 Views)   |   Highlights
● Adolescence is the most critical stages of a person’s life.
● Widespread psychological problems, such as depression, antisocial behaviors, and academic failure, may arise due to the dynamic changes of puberty.
● In Iran, according to the census report of 2016, >25% of the population consisted of adolescents aged 10 to 19 years, with half of them being females.
● Most girls have no basic and essential information about biopsychological conditions in puberty, as well as the required appropriate health behaviors.
● Adolescent girls require accurate and adequate information about their bodies and health.
● Education must be provided to disseminate knowledge about the biopsychosocial questions based on family, school, and public education.
Plain Language Summary
People with high self-efficacy, compared to those with low self-efficacy, select more challenging tasks that involve more effort, as well as greater goals and resilience; thus, they demonstrate better performance and experience less anxiety. Adolescent health education, as a form of educational investment, includes care that promotes mental, physical, and emotional health in adolescence and other life stages. This study aimed to determine the effect of puberty health education on the general self-efficacy of public-school female students. The relevant findings suggested that providing puberty health education was effective in promoting the students’ self-efficacy. This result could be used by healthcare providers, especially community health nurses, to support appropriate and practical training in promoting students’ self-efficacy.

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● Adventitious factors, such as increased body fat and physical inactivity, could exacerbate insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome.
● Weight reduction could be optimally achieved with a multimodality approach by adapting to a healthy lifestyle through diet modification and physical activity.
● Fasting during the month of Ramadan enables modifications in body composition; most of the investigated body composition parameters returned to the normal weight level.
● Beneficial changes occur in HDL and LDL levels during Ramadan fasting; fasting could also lead to a reduction of central obesity, waist circumference, and waist to hip ratio.
Plain Language Summary
Ramadan fasting is part of the lunar calendar. Since the lunar year is 11 days shorter than the solar year, this month is rotating throughout the solar year with different hours of fasting (11-17 hours) in various seasons. The most critical lunar month for Muslims in the world is Ramadan, with restrictions, such as smoking, drinking liquids, and eating from morning prayer to evening prayer. This study evaluated the effects of Ramadan fasting on metabolic syndrome and body composition in fasting and non-fasting male students. The collected results indicated that weight, body mass index, waist circumference, hip circumference, waist to hip ratio, fasting blood glucose, insulin, insulin resistance, and triglyceride levels have decreased at the end of the fasting period. The high-density lipoprotein cholesterol increased in the fasting group. Therefore, to benefit from this holy month, male students need to include nutrients in their diet during Ramadan.

Abstract (2118 Views) | Full-Text (PDF) (970 Downloads)   |   Full-Text (HTML) (821 Views)   |   Highlights
Hepatitis B virus is the second post-tobacco carcinogen.
● Immigrant population mobility and low literacy could increase the prevalence of hepatitis B.
● Hepatitis B infection is prevalent in Afghanistan.
● Individuals’ awareness of health issues affects their health.
● Recognizing the ways to prevent hepatitis B could impede cirrhosis and liver cancer.

Plain Language Summary
The findings of this study revealed that the knowledge of Afghan immigrant students in Iran was higher in the face-toface education groups; there was an improvement in the knowledge and attitude scores of the distance education group, as well. Therefore, although face-to-face education is preferred, using a combination of these educational methods is suggested.

Abstract (2701 Views) | Full-Text (PDF) (1202 Downloads)   |   Full-Text (HTML) (1116 Views)   |   Highlights
● Most marriages of immigrants living in Iran occur during adolescence.
● Unawareness about sexual and marital issues could adversely affect marital relationships.
● Women’s ignorance of various aspects of sexual issues could lead to unsuccessful sexual relationships and undesirable sexual function.
● Sexual education could increase awareness and consequently improve sexual function.
Plain Language Summary
The current study assessed the effect of face-to-face sex education on the sexual function of adolescent female Afghan immigrants in the selected charity centers of the immigrant areas of Mashhad City, Iran. Obtaining accurate, documented, and credible information on sexual issues could prevent undesirable sexual function. This information, in the form of sex education, helps couples to gain the necessary knowledge to satisfy each other’s sexual needs. This study reported that providing face-to-face sexual training has improved the sexual function of adolescent female Afghan migrants; therefore, this training method could be used for sexual education in young female immigrants.

Abstract (2282 Views) | Full-Text (PDF) (3191 Downloads)   |   Full-Text (HTML) (5507 Views)   |   Highlights
● Charter of Patients’ Rights is considered as a common standard for achieving the realization of this right.
● Respecting the rights of patients, as an inevitable part of human society is crucial for quality care.
● The awareness level of medical students about the patients’ rights is of significant importance.
Plain Language Summary
According to the CPR, it is the patient’s right to receive confidential care and to request accurate information. The purpose of the patient right charter is to defend human rights to preserve their dignity. Since students are directly in contact with patients during their internship in hospitals, it is necessary to respect patients’ rights as part of their care. This study evaluated the awareness level of Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences students on patient’s clinical rights. The study findings revealed that the awareness level of the medical students about the CPR is unsatisfactory. Moreover, there was no significant difference between the awareness score of students from different faculties.

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