Volume 9, Issue 2 (Spring 2023)  

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Abstract (1355 Views) | Full-Text (PDF) (563 Downloads)   |   Full-Text (HTML) (271 Views)   |   Highlights
• Missed nursing care (MNC) happens in many hospitals worldwide and affects the quality of nursing services.
• Many studies have been conducted on the factors that contribute to the occurrence of MNC, but there is no clear conclusion about these factors.
• Problems with labor resources seem to be the most important aggravating factor for MNC.
• Staffing adequacy as a part of the labor resources factor seems to be the most influencing factor for the occurrence of MNC.
Plain Language Summary 
MNC in healthcare facilities greatly affects the quality of services and trust of service users. In general, the factors contributing to the occurrence of MNC fall into three categories: Labor resources, material resources, and teamwork and communication. The most influential category is labor resources—staffing adequacy seems the most influential. 


Abstract (941 Views) | Full-Text (PDF) (261 Downloads)   |   Full-Text (HTML) (159 Views)   |   Highlights
• Self-care behaviors can help individuals improve their health, energy, emotions, perceived physical health, self-confidence, and enthusiasm.
• Significant relationships existed between self-care behaviors, health literacy, and the self-care behaviors and general health of COVID-19 patients quarantined at home.
• Self-care behaviors can be predicted by health literacy and general health in COVID-19 patients quarantined at home.
Plain Language Summary 
There is a need to improve the knowledge base for enhancing populations’ health and well-being in pandemics and infectious disease outbreaks. The study results showed that the higher the general health and health literacy, the better the self-care behaviors. In other words, the general health and health literacy level predict self-care behaviors in home-quarantined COVID-19 patients.


Abstract (1084 Views) | Full-Text (PDF) (398 Downloads)   |   Full-Text (HTML) (188 Views)   |   Highlights
• The migration of nurses has led to the loss of the labor force and has a high cost for the healthcare system. 
• Based on the study results, nurses tend to migrate because of their inappropriate work environment. 
• The study showed a significant relationship between nurses’ intention to migrate with a high workload and an inappropriate work environment.
• Our study’s results suggest health policymakers preserve human resources and create a suitable work environment to prevent further migration of nurses.
Plain Language Summary 
The immigration of Iranian nurses has become an important professional challenge. Migration to developed countries is one of the important factors in leaving the workplace and the shortage of nurses, which leads to the loss of human resources in the health sector and reduces the quality of care. The study results showed that the migration of nurses is high and is partly related to workload and a healthy work environment. 


Abstract (1024 Views) | Full-Text (PDF) (252 Downloads)   |   Full-Text (HTML) (153 Views)   |   Highlights
• Tailored care intervention programs are more focused on the needs of each patient. 
• The tailored care intervention emphasizes that every patient can participate in individual and group healthcare planning and implementation.
• According to the study results, although there was no significant difference between the two groups, the glucose, triglyceride, and triglyceride glucose index of the intervention group was better than the control group, but not in terms of cholesterol level.
Plain Language Summary 
Tailored care intervention programs focus on each patient’s needs (cognitive-social factors, intention, and behavior). Tailored care aims to improve health outcomes and patients’ care experience by considering their unique needs and preferences when developing a care plan. In tailored care intervention, there are opportunities to implement individual care that can facilitate health services for diabetic patients in Indonesia and reduce complications by controlling blood glucose levels, cholesterol, and insulin resistance. This study evaluated the efficacy of a tailored care intervention program on some blood biochemical outcomes among Indonesian patients with diabetes. According to the results, the intervention group’s glucose, triglyceride, and glucose triglyceride index values were better than the control group, but this difference was not significant. Cholesterol level increased in both groups and was therefore not significant.


Abstract (984 Views) | Full-Text (PDF) (268 Downloads)   |   Full-Text (HTML) (273 Views)   |   Highlights
• Infertility may cause depression and anxiety by affecting women’s social, psychological, and physical aspects.
• The happiness of infertile women was significantly higher than that of infertile men’s wives.
• Life satisfaction, efficacy, cheerfulness, and self-esteem dimensions of happiness were higher in infertile women than in infertile men’s wives.
• There was no significant difference between the groups’ sociability and wellbeing dimensions of happiness.
Plain Language Summary 
Infertility is a psychological distress for most couples. Regardless of the cause of infertility, happiness can be negatively affected. This study compared the level of happiness of infertile women and the wives of infertile men. The study results showed that infertile women are happier than the wives of infertile men. In addition, most dimensions of happiness, including life satisfaction, efficiency, cheerfulness, and self-esteem, were higher in infertile women than infertile men’s wives.


Abstract (1096 Views) | Full-Text (PDF) (324 Downloads)   |   Full-Text (HTML) (188 Views)   |   Highlights
• The reports about nurses’ violent and unethical practices cause continuous stress among nurses, turning it into trait anger and negative affectivity. 
• The present work explored the influence of trait anger and negative affectivity on deviant workplace behavior with the mediating role of moral disengagement.
• The study showed that moral disengagement mediates the relationship between trait anger, negative affectivity, and deviant workplace conduct among nurses.
Plain Language Summary 
Moral disengagement refers to a person’s ability to justify immoral actions and avoid feeling remorse, guilt, regret, or shame. It allows people to behave in ways that deviate from moral standards without experiencing psychological discomfort. This study examined the mediating role of moral disengagement in predicting deviant workplace behavior among nurses in Malaysia. We found that moral disengagement mediates the relationship between trait anger, negative affectivity, and deviant workplace conduct among nurses.


Abstract (1005 Views) | Full-Text (PDF) (279 Downloads)   |   Full-Text (HTML) (121 Views)   |   Highlights
• Accreditation is a method for evaluating the quality and safety of healthcare services.
• The accreditation process can increase workload, stress levels, and use of resources.
• An increase in anxiety and stress can damage hospital employees’ performance and quality of work. 
• This study showed that the anxiety and stress of healthcare providers increased before the accreditation program implementation. 
• Implementing pre-accreditation training programs and employee support by upper managers are recommended to reduce the adverse effects of this process.
Plain Language Summary 
Accreditation of hospitals plays an important role in improving the quality and safety of health care services. Still, it may also cause problems such as reduced clinical training opportunities, increased workload, and high job stress. This study found that healthcare providers experience more anxiety and stress before participating in accreditation programs than after it. This situation may negatively affect their performance and quality of work. As a result, implementing the hospital accreditation program should be properly managed by the implementers to avoid its adverse effects. 


Abstract (1303 Views) | Full-Text (PDF) (383 Downloads)   |   Full-Text (HTML) (151 Views)   |   Highlights
• An issue that is becoming more crucial is how packaged food affects children's health.
 • Comparing packaged food to home-cooked meals, packaged food has higher concentrations of sugar, salt, fat, and calories, increasing a child’s risk of obesity, heart disease, and diabetes, among other health issues.
• Eating out less and cutting back on processed foods can also help reduce the amount of packaged food a child consumes. 
• Educating children about the importance of healthy eating can help reduce the consumption of packaged food.
Plain Language Summary 
Packaged foods are often high in sugar, salt, fat, additives, preservatives, artificial colors, and flavors but low in nutrients. These substances often lead to weight gain, delayed growth and development, type 2 diabetes, damage to teeth, food poisoning, and many other health problems. It is recommended that parents avoid giving packaged food to their children as much as possible and prepare meals from scratch at home. Eating out less and reducing the consumption of processed foods can also help reduce the amount of packaged food a child eats. Also, teaching children about healthy eating can help them develop healthy habits.



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