Volume 2, Issue 4 (Autumn 2016 -- 2016)                   JCCNC 2016, 2(4): 207-214 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Inanloo M, Ramezani F, Seyedfatemi N, Moudi S, Haghani H. The Effect of Coping Strategies Training on the Quality of Life of the Family Caregivers of Patients With Chronic Mental Disorders. JCCNC. 2016; 2 (4) :207-214
URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-106-en.html

1- Department of Psychiatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- MSc. Department of Psychiatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Psychiatrist Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.
4- Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (446 Views)

Background: Caring of the patients with mental disorders is a responsibility which brings lots of pressures and stresses to family members and lowers their quality of life. The current research aimed to study the effect of training coping strategies on the quality of life of caregivers of patients with chronic mental disorders. 
Methods: This study is a non-randomized clinical trial conducted on 94 caregivers of patients with chronic mental disorder. The samples were recruited by convenience sampling method and the eligible ones were put in the intervention and control groups. The data collection tool were demographics questionnaire and SF 36 life quality scale. The coping strategies were taught in eight 90-minute sessions, during 8 consecutive weeks (once a week) for 2 months in groups. The obtained data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics by SPSS V. 20. 
Results: The caregivers were mostly female (62.7%) aged between 35 and 55 years. More than 80% of the study subjects were married. Most study subjects in both groups were housewives. In the intervention group, the physical functioning of quality of life before and two months after the intervention showed no significant difference (P = 0.877), but other areas showed significant increase two months later (P < 0.001). In the intervention group, the quality of life significantly increased two months after the intervention (P < 0.001), but it has declined in the control group (P < 0.001). 
Conclusion: Based on study findings, coping strategies training was effective in promoting the quality of life. Experts in family health education are in need to educate and train families. Therefore, we recommend the mental health system to promote quality of life via developing such specialized programs and facilities at educational and health centers.

Full-Text [PDF 480 kb]   (171 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/08/27 | Accepted: 2016/07/29 | Published: 2016/10/1

1. A Group of Psychiatry Professors of Medical Universities in Iran, 2010. [Textbook of Clinical Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences (Persian)], Arjmand, Tehran.
2. Abbasi, A., Shamsizadeh, M., Asayesh, H., et al., 2013. [The relationship between caregiver burdens with coping strategies in family caregivers of cancer patients (Persian)]. Iranian Nursing Scientific Association, 1(3), pp. 62-71.
3. Bademli, K. & Duman, Z. Ç., 2014. Effects of a family-to-family support program on the mental health and coping strategies of caregivers of adults with mental illness: A randomized controlled study. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 28(6), pp. 392–398. doi: 10.1016/j.apnu.2014.08.011 [DOI:10.1016/j.apnu.2014.08.011]
4. Boyd, M. A., 2008. Psychiatric nursing: Contemporary practice. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
5. Corring, D. J., 2002. Quality of life: Perspectives of people with mental illnesses and family members. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 25(4), pp. 350–358. doi: 10.1037/h0095002. [DOI:10.1037/h0095002]
6. Darlami, K., Ponnose, R., & Jose, P., 2015. Caregivers stress of psychiatric patients. Journal of Universal College of Medical Sciences, 3(2), pp. 39-43. doi: 10.3126/jucms.v3i2.14290 [DOI:10.3126/jucms.v3i2.14290]
7. Glozman, J. M., 2004. Quality of life of caregivers. Neuropsychology Review, 14(4), pp. 183–196. doi: 10.1007/s11065-004-8158-5. [DOI:10.1007/s11065-004-8158-5]
8. Glynn, M., et al., 2000. Family participation in mental health services [K. Malekoti., M. Araste Persian trans.], Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran.
9. Haresabadi, M., et al., 2012. [Family burden in schizophrenia patients admitted to Imam Reza hospital- Bojnoord 2010 (Persian)]. Journal of North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, 4(2), 165-172. [DOI:10.29252/jnkums.4.2.165]
10. Hudson, P., et al., 2008. Evaluation of a psycho-educational group programme for family caregivers in home-based palliative care. Palliative Medicine, 22(3), pp. 270–280. doi: 10.1177/0269216307088187. [DOI:10.1177/0269216307088187]
11. Kate, N., et al., 2013. Relationship of caregiver burden with coping strategies, social support, psychological morbidity, and quality of life in the caregivers of schizophrenia. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 6(5), pp. 380–388. doi: 10.1016/j.ajp.2013.03.014. [DOI:10.1016/j.ajp.2013.03.014]
12. Keltner, N., & Debble, S., 2014. Psychiatric nursing. Springer, New York.
13. Khajavi, M., et al., 2011. [The impact of coping strategies on burden of care in chronic schizophrenic patients and caregivers of chronic bipolar patients (Persian)]. Iranian Rehabilitation Journal, 9(2), pp. 26-31.
14. Kooshan, M., & Vaghei, S., 2012. [Psychiatric nursing (Mental health 1) (Persian)], Andishe-Rafi, Tehran.
15. Livingston, G., et al., 2013. Clinical effectiveness of a manual based coping strategy programme (START, strategies for relatives) in promoting the mental health of carers of family members with dementia: Pragmatic randomised controlled trial. British Medical Journal, 347(2), pp. 6276. doi: 10.1136/bmj.f6276. [DOI:10.1136/bmj.f6276]
16. Milbury, K., et al., 2013. Longitudinal associations between caregiver burden and patient and spouse distress in couples coping with lung cancer. Supportive Care in Cancer, 21(9), pp. 2371–9. doi: 10.1007/s00520-013-1795-6. [DOI:10.1007/s00520-013-1795-6]
17. Mojarrad, K. A. H., Ghanbari, H. A. B. A., & Modares, G. M., 2012. [The efficacy of group psycho educational interventions in promoting quality of life and quality of relationships on family of patients with bipolar disorders (Persian)]. Behavioral Sciences Research, 10, pp. 114-122.
18. Montazeri A., Goshtasebi A., Vahdaninia M., Gandek B., 2005. [The short form health survey (SF-36) (Persian)]. Quality of Life Research Journal, 14(3), pp. 875-82. [DOI:10.1007/s11136-004-1014-5]
19. Navidian, A., & Bahari, F., 2008. Burden experienced by family caregivers of patients with mental disorders. Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research, 23(1-2), pp. 19-28.
20. Navidian, A., Pahlavanzadeh, S., & Yazdani, M., 2010. [The effectiveness of family training on family caregivers of inpatients with mental disorders (Persian)]. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology, 16(2), pp. 99-106.
21. Onga, L., 2008. Helping those who help others. American Journal of Nursing, 108(9), pp. 69–70. doi: 10.1097/01.naj.0000334977.74736.f0. [DOI:10.1097/01.NAJ.0000334977.74736.f0]
22. Pickett-Schenk, S. A., Cook, J. A., & Laris, A., 2000. Journey of hope program outcomes. Community Mental Health Journal, 36(4), pp. 413–424. doi: 10.1023/a:1001913013197. [DOI:10.1023/A:1001913013197]
23. Rahgozar, M., et al., 2012. [Application of recurrent events model in determining the risk factors of recurrence of schizophrenia (Persian)]. Razi Journal of Medical Sciences, 19(99), pp. 7-11.
24. Rani, U., 2012. Coping styles and interventions to reduce psychological distress in care givers for the mentally challenged. Indian Journal of Positive Psychology, 3(3), pp. 281-284.
25. Sartorius, N., et al., 2010. Families & mental disorders [A. Borjali., B. Ajilchi., & M. Salimi Persian trans.], Arjmand, Tehran.
26. Taherkhani, H., 2012. [Rehabilitation in psychiatry (Psychiatry and community-based psychosocial rehabilitation principles) (Persian)], Arjmand, Tehran.
27. Tan, S. C. et al., 2012. Burden and coping strategies experienced by caregivers of persons with schizophrenia in the community. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 21(17-18), pp. 2410–2418. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2012.04174.x. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2702.2012.04174.x]
28. Varcarolis, E. M., 2002. Developing therapeutic relationships. In M. J. Halter (ed.), Foundations of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing: A Clinical Approach, 4th edn., Springer, New York.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
Write the security code in the box

Send email to the article author

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb