Volume 3, Issue 3 (Summer 2017 -- 2017)                   JCCNC 2017, 3(3): 231-237 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Zabihi A, Valizadeh L, Zamanzadeh V, Negarandeh R, Jafarian Amiri S R. The Process of Social Interactions in Patients With Hepatitis B Infection: A Grounded Theory Study. JCCNC. 2017; 3 (3) :231-237
URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-131-en.html
1- Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.
2- Department of Pediatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
3- Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
4- Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
5- Department of Nursing Management, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran. , jafarianamiri@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1613 Views)
Background: The hepatitis B virus infection is a major cause of liver diseases in the world. It mostly affects psychological and social aspects as well as the mental health of patients. The aim of this study was to explain the process of social interactions in patients with Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) infection. 
Methods: The present study was conducted using the grounded theory method from 2014 to 2016 in the Amol, Babol, and Tabriz health and counseling centers. The data was collected using in-depth semi-structured interviews and field notes in order to answer this question: “How does the process of social interaction occur in HBV carriers?” The participants included 18 HBV carriers, 2 spouses of the HBV carries and 2 physicians. Data analysis was conducted using Corbin and Strauss (2008).
Results: According to the data analysis, “maintenance of normal social interactions” after diagnosis of the disease is a major concern of the carriers. In order to resolve this concern, they employed some strategies, including disease concealment, protecting themselves and others, and reconciliation with the disease.
Conclusion: Following the diagnosis of hepatitis B infection, maintaining normal social interactions is considered as one of the major anxieties of the carriers. Health care teams could help them with their social interactions using the findings.
Full-Text [PDF 546 kb]   (498 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (234 Views)  
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2016/12/10 | Accepted: 2017/03/26 | Published: 2017/08/1

1. Cecil, R. L., Goldman, L. & Schafer, A. L. 2012. Goldman's Cecil medicine. Philadeelphia: Elsevier Saunders.
2. Choe, J. H. et al., 2005. Hepatitis B and liver cancer beliefs among Korean immigrants in Western Washington. Cancer, 104(S12), pp. 2955–8. doi: 10.1002/cncr.21518 [DOI:10.1002/cncr.21518]
3. Corbin, J. & Strauss, A., 2008. Basics of qualitative research: Techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory. Los Angeles: Sage Publications. [DOI:10.4135/9781452230153]
4. Cotler, S. J. et al., 2011. Characterizing hepatitis B stigma in Chinese immigrants. Journal of Viral Hepatitis, 19(2), pp. 147–52. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2893.2011.01462.x [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2893.2011.01462.x]
5. Cruess, D. G. et al., 2000. Cognitive–behavioral stress management increases free testosterone and decreases psychological distress in HIV-seropositive men. Health Psychology, 19(1), pp. 12–20. doi: 10.1037/0278-6133.19.1.12 [DOI:10.1037/0278-6133.19.1.12]
6. Dinstage, J. L., Braunwald, E., Fauci, A. S. & Kasper, D. L., 2008. Harrison's principles of internal medicine, New York: Mc Graw-Hill.
7. Ebrahimi, D. N. et al., 2008. Prevalence of psychiatric disorders in hepatitis B virus carriers in Iranian charity for hepatic patients support (December 2004-August 2005). Hepatitis Monthly Summer, 8(3), pp. 201-5.
8. Edwards, C. R., Thompson, A. R. & Blair, A., 2007. An overwhelming illness. Journal of Health Psychology, 12(2), pp. 203–14. doi: 10.1177/1359105307071747 [DOI:10.1177/1359105307071747]
9. Groessl, E. J. et al., 2008. Living with hepatitis C: Qualitative interviews with hepatitis C-infected veterans. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 23(12), pp. 1959–65. doi: 10.1007/s11606-008-0790-y [DOI:10.1007/s11606-008-0790-y]
10. Hasanpour Dehkordi, A., 2006. Factors affecting quality of life in cancer patients under chemotherapy in Tehran (2004). Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, 10(2), pp. 110-9.
11. Hassanpour Dehkordi, A., 2012. [The process of self-care in patients with chronic hepatitis: Redesigning Orem's self-care theory (Persian)] [PhD dissertation]. Tehran: Tehran University of Medical Sciences.
12. Lee, H. et al., 2010. Complexity and uncertainty of living with an invisible virus of hepatitis B in Korea. Journal of Cancer Education, 25(3), pp. 337–42. doi: 10.1007/s13187-010-0047-4 [DOI:10.1007/s13187-010-0047-4]
13. Lee, H. et al., 2012. Correlates of hepatitis B virus health-related behaviors of Korean Americans: A situation-specific nursing theory. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 44(4), pp. 315–22. doi: 10.1111/j.1547-5069.2012.01468.x [DOI:10.1111/j.1547-5069.2012.01468.x]
14. McCain, N. L. et al., 2003. Effects of stress management on PNI-based outcomes in persons with HIV disease. Research in Nursing & Health, 26(2), pp. 102–17. doi: 10.1002/nur.10074 [DOI:10.1002/nur.10074]
15. Mohamed, R. et al., 2012. Knowledge, attitudes and practices among people with chronic hepatitis B attending a hepatology clinic in Malaysia: A cross sectional study. BMC Public Health, 12(1). doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-12-601 [DOI:10.1186/1471-2458-12-601]
16. Mohammadi, N., Hassanpour Dehkordi, A. & Nikbakhat Nasrabadi, A., 2013. Iranian patients with chronic hepatitis struggle to do self-care. Life Science Journal, 10(1), pp. 457-62.
17. Mohammad-Pour, A. 2010. [Living with HIV/AIDS: Patients' lived experience and development of self-care strategies (Persian)]. Tehran: Tehran University of Medical Sciences.
18. Mohammadpour, A., Parsa Yekta, Z. & Nikbakht Nasrabadi, A., 2012. Coping with acquired immune deficiency infection: A phenomenological study. Journal of Qualitative Research in Health Sciences, 1(3), pp. 170-81.
19. Ng, C. J. et al., 2011. Uncovering the experiences and needs of patients with chronic hepatitis B infection at diagnosis. Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health, 25(1), pp. 32–40. doi: 10.1177/1010539511413258 [DOI:10.1177/1010539511413258]
20. Novak, E., 2007. Berek & Novak's gynecology. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
21. Pojoga, C. et al., 2004. Impaired health-related quality of life in Romanian patients with chronic viral hepatitis before antiviral therapy. European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, 16(1), pp. 27–31. doi: 10.1097/00042737-200401000-00005 [DOI:10.1097/00042737-200401000-00005]
22. Polit, D. F. & Beck, C. T., 2008. Nursing research: Generating and assessing evidence for nursing practice. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
23. Saki, N. et al., 2013. [The challenges of hepatitis B in blood transfusion in Iran (Persian)]. Scientific Journal of Iranian Blood Transfusion Organization, 9(4), 463-77.
24. Sievert, W. et al., 2011. A systematic review of hepatitis C virus epidemiology in Asia, Australia and Egypt. Liver International, 31, pp. 61–80. doi: 10.1111/j.1478-3231.2011.02540.x [DOI:10.1111/j.1478-3231.2011.02540.x]
25. Stewart, B. J. et al., 2012. Help-seeking and coping with the psychosocial burden of chronic hepatitis C: A qualitative study of patient, hepatologist, and counsellor perspectives. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 49(5), pp. 560–9. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2011.11.004 [DOI:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2011.11.004]
26. Tan, N. C., Cheah, S. L., Teo, E. K. & Kwok, V., 2005. A qualitative study of hepatitis B carriers' understanding of their chronic infection. Asia Pacific Family Medidcine, 4(3-4), pp. 1-6.
27. Tran, T. T., 2009. Understanding cultural barriers in hepatitis B virus infection. Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine, 76(Suppl_3), pp. S10–3. doi: 10.3949/ccjm.76.s3.03 [DOI:10.3949/ccjm.76.s3.03]
28. Van Damme, P. et al., 2010. Five years follow-up following two or three doses of a hepatitis B vaccine in adolescents aged 11-15 years: A randomised controlled study. BMC Infectious Diseases, 10(1). doi: 10.1186/1471-2334-10-357 [DOI:10.1186/1471-2334-10-357]
29. Wallace, J. et al., 2011. Managing chronic hepatitis B: A qualitative study exploring the perspectives of people living with chronic hepatitis B in Australia. BMC Research Notes, 4(1), p. 45. doi: 10.1186/1756-0500-4-45 [DOI:10.1186/1756-0500-4-45]
30. Yang, Y. et al., 2015. Prevalence of hepatitis B and knowledge about hepatitis B among migrant workers in Shandong Province, China: A cross-sectional study. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal, 17(4). doi: 10.5812/ircmj.17(4)2015.26725 [DOI:10.5812/ircmj.17(4)2015.26725]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb