Volume 3, Issue 2 (Spring 2017 -- 2017)                   JCCNC 2017, 3(2): 125-132 | Back to browse issues page

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Chabok M, Kashaninia Z, Haghani H. The Relationship Between Spiritual Health and General Self-Efficacy in the Iranian Elderly. JCCNC. 2017; 3 (2) :125-132
URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-135-en.html
1- Department of Department of Geriatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- MSc. Department of Psychiatric Nursing and Rehabilitation, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , zkashaninia@yahoo.com
3- Department of Biostatistics, School of Health Management and Medical Information, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (343 Views)
Background: Elderliness is a sensitive period of life; so, it is necessary to pay special attention to various aspects of the health care for the elderly, including their spiritual well-being in the society. Spirituality and spiritual beliefs are closely associated with psychological aspects of a human mind, and they aim at balancing one’s life. Self-efficacy is one of the psychological aspects, which play an important role in maintaining the mental and physical health. This study was conducted to determine the relationship between spiritual wellbeing and general self-efficacy in the elderly population of Tehran.
Methods: This descriptive correlational study was conducted on 822 elderly people who regularly visited some of the parks of Tehran, Iran, in 2015. Samples were chosen by the multi-stage method. The relevant data were collected through demographic information in addition to tests and questionnaires including Abbreviated Mental Test Score (AMTS) for determining cognitive impairment and General Self-Efficacy (GSE-10) y and Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS). The data were analyzed using Pearson correlation and t-tests by SPSS Version: 20.0.
Results: The results of the current study showed that general self-efficacy is related to religious, existential, and spiritual health. The findings also indicated that among the demographic variables, spiritual health is mostly related to marital status and the ability to perform Activities of Daily Living (ADL) in addition to residence and income. 
Conclusion: Since aging is an important challenge in the health system, promoting spiritual health in the elderly population can result in these individuals’ high self-efficacy, ultimately leading to a higher physical and mental health status.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2016/12/4 | Accepted: 2017/03/22 | Published: 2017/05/1

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