Volume 4, Issue 3 (Summer 2018)                   JCCNC 2018, 4(3): 145-154 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Jafaripoor H, Safarabadi M, Pourandish Y, Khanmohammadi A, Mohammad Aghaiepoor S, Rahbarian A, et al . The Elders’ Spiritual Well-Being and Their Quality of Life: A Cross-Sectional Study. JCCNC. 2018; 4 (3) :145-154
URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-185-en.html
1- Department of Islamic Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.
2- Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Student Research Committee, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.
4- Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran. , jadidi.ali83@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1021 Views)

Background: Because of the rising number of elderly people, their Quality of Life have become more important. Health status has been considered as one of the factors that affect life quality and Spiritual Well-Being is one of its important dimensions. The present study aimed to determine the relationship between Spiritual Well-Being and Quality of Life among the elderly people residing in Arak City, Iran.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional and correlational study. The study sample comprised 400 elderly people residing in Arak, Iran who were selected by cluster sampling method. Spiritual Well-Being was measured using Spiritual Well-Being scale (SWB) and the Quality of Life was assessed by Older People’s Quality of Life Questionnaire (OPQOL-35). The obtained data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, along with Pearson correlation test, t-test, and ANOVA in SPSS V. 16.
Results: The Mean±SD score of life quality among the elderlies was 76.24±17.84 and was associated with their marital status and education level (P=0.001). The Spiritual Well-Being score of most elderly people ranged from moderate to high and the Mean±SD score of their Spiritual Well-Being was 96.47±13.43. There was a significant relationship between Spiritual Well-Being and the Quality of Life (r=0.37, P=0.0001).
Conclusion: According to the findings, more attention should be paid to the factors related to the Quality of Life for taking care of the elderly people. Considering the relationship between Spiritual Well-Being and Quality of Life among these elderlies, provision of spiritual care for this group of society is recommended.

Full-Text [PDF 643 kb]   (578 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (169 Views)  
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/12/5 | Accepted: 2019/01/12 | Published: 2019/02/6

1. Adib Hajbaghery, M. & Faraji, M., 2015. Comparison of happiness and Spiritual Well-Being among the community dwelling elderly and those who lived in sanitariums. International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery, 3(3), pp. 216-26. [PMID] [PMCID] [PMID] [PMCID]
2. Alihosseini, E., Najar, S. & Haghighizadeh, M. H., 2017. The relationship between sleep disorders during pregnancy and miscarriage. Jundishapur Journal of Chronic Disease Care, 6(2), p. e41340.
3. Allahbakhshian, M., et al., 2010. [A Survey on relationship between spiritual well being and Quality of Life in multiple sclerosis patients (Persian)]. Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 12(3), pp. 29-33.
4. Anand, V., Jones, J. & Gill, P. S., 2015. The relationship between spirituality, health and life satisfaction of undergraduate students in the UK: An online questionnaire study. Journal of Religion and Health, 54(1), pp. 160-72. [DOI:10.1007/s10943-013-9792-0] [PMID] [DOI:10.1007/s10943-013-9792-0]
5. Awick, E. A., et al., 2015. Differential exercise effects on Quality of Life and health-related Quality of Life in older adults: A randomized controlled trial. Quality of Life Research, 24(2), pp. 455-62. [DOI:10.1007/s11136-014-0762-0] [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.1007/s11136-014-0762-0]
6. Birren, J. E., et al., 2014. The concept and measurement of Quality of Life in the frail elderly. Cambridge: Academic Press.
7. Bowling, A., 2009. The psychometric properties of the older people's Quality of Life questionnaire, compared with the CASP-19 and the WHOQOL-OLD. Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research, 2009, p. 298950. [DOI:10.1155/2009/298950] [DOI:10.1155/2009/298950]
8. Buhse, M., Banker, W. M. & Clement, L. M., 2014. Factors associated with health-related Quality of Life among older people with multiple sclerosis. International Journal of MS Care, 16(1), pp. 10-9. [DOI:10.7224/1537-2073.2012-046] [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.7224/1537-2073.2012-046]
9. Chand, M. & Tung, R. L., 2014. The aging of the world's population and its effects on global business. Academy of Management Perspectives, 28(4), pp. 409-29. [DOI:10.5465/amp.2012.0070] [DOI:10.5465/amp.2012.0070]
10. Chatterji, S., et al., 2015. Health, functioning, and disability in older adults-present status and future implications. The Lancet, 385(9967), pp. 563-75. [DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61462-8] [DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61462-8]
11. Chaves, L. J. & Gil, C. A., 2015. Older people's concepts of spirituality, related to aging and Quality of Life. Ciencia & Saude Coletiva, 20(12), pp. 3641-52. [DOI:10.1590/1413-812320152012.19062014] [PMID] [DOI:10.1590/1413-812320152012.19062014]
12. Chen, C. X., Feng, L. N. & Li, S. X., 2014. The correlation between socioeconomic status and health self-management in the elderly. International Journal of Nursing Sciences, 1(1), pp. 410-5. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijnss.2014.10.008] [DOI:10.1016/j.ijnss.2014.10.008]
13. Chen, H. M. & Chen, C. M., 2017. Factors associated with Quality of Life among older adults with chronic disease in Taiwan. International Journal of Gerontology, 11(1), pp. 12-5. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijge.2016.07.002] [DOI:10.1016/j.ijge.2016.07.002]
14. Chen, Y. H., et al., 2017. The relationship of physiopsychosocial factors and Spiritual Well-Being in elderly residents: Implications for evidence-based practice. Worldviews on Evidence‐Based Nursing, 14(6), pp. 484-91. [DOI:10.1111/wvn.12243] [PMID] [DOI:10.1111/wvn.12243]
15. Dai, Y., et al., 2016. Social support and the self-rated health of older people: A comparative study in Tainan Taiwan and Fuzhou Fujian province. Medicine, 95(24), P. e3881. [DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000003881] [DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000003881]
16. Ebrahimi, H., et al., 2014. Relationship between Spiritual Well-Being and Quality of Life in hemodialysis patients. Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Sciences, 1(3), pp. 41-8. [DOI:10.18869/acadpub.jnms.1.3.41] [DOI:10.18869/acadpub.jnms.1.3.41]
17. Farahaninia, M., et al., 2018. Nurses' attitudes towards spiritual care and spiritual care practices. Journal of Client-Centered Nursing Care, 4(2), pp. 61-8. [DOI:10.32598/10.32598/jccnc.4.3.61] [DOI:10.32598/jccnc.4.2.61]
18. Finocchiaro, D. N., Roth, P. A. & Connelly, C. D., 2014. Spiritual Well-Being as predictor of Quality of Life for adults with paraplegia. Rehabilitation Nursing, 39(6), pp. 285-93. [DOI:10.1002/rnj.161] [PMID] [DOI:10.1002/rnj.161]
19. Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I., 2014. Successful aging among LGBT older adults: Physical and mental health-related Quality of Life by age group. Gerontologist, 55(1), pp. 154-68. [DOI:10.1093/geront/gnu081] [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.1093/geront/gnu081]
20. Hajian-Tilaki, K., Heidari, B. & Hajian-Tilaki, A., 2017. Health related Quality of Life and its socio-demographic determinants among Iranian elderly people: A population based cross-sectional study. Journal of Caring Sciences, 6(1), pp. 39-47. [DOI:10.15171/jcs.2017.005] [DOI:10.15171/jcs.2017.005]
21. Hongthong, D. & Somrongthong, R., 2015. Factors influencing the Quality of Life (Qol) among Thai older people in a rural area of Thailand. Iranian Journal of Public Health, 44(4), pp. 479-85. [PMID] [PMCID] [PMID] [PMCID]
22. Jadidi, A., et al., 2011. [The relationship between Spiritual Well-Being and Quality of Life among elderly people residing in Kahrizak senior house (Persian)]. Iran Journal of Nursing, 24(72), pp. 48-56.
23. Jahromi, M. K., Ramezanli, S. & Taheri, L., 2015. Effectiveness of diabetes self-management education on Quality of Life in diabetic elderly females. Global Journal of Health Science, 7(1), pp. 10-5. [doi:10.5539/gjhs.v7n1p10] [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.5539/gjhs.v7n1p10]
24. Jokinen, N. S., 2014. Quality of Life and older aged adults. International Public Health Journal, 6(4), p. 371.
25. Khaje-Bishak, Y., et al., 2014. Assessing the Quality of Life in elderly people and related factors in Tabriz, Iran. Journal of Caring Sciences, 3(4), p. 257. [PMID] [PMCID] [PMID] [PMCID]
26. Kim, C. J., et al., 2015. Cognitive aging function and lifestyle behaviors among older adults with chronic diseases. Paper presented at 10th International Nursing Conference, Manila, Philippines, 1 October 2015.
27. Kim, S. S., Kim-Godwin, Y. S. & Koenig, H. G., 2016. Family spirituality and family health among Korean-American elderly couples. Journal of Religion and Health, 55(2), pp. 729-46. [DOI:10.1007/s10943-015-0107-5] [PMID] [DOI:10.1007/s10943-015-0107-5]
28. Kiosses, D. N. & Alexopoulos, G. S., 2014. Problem-solving therapy in the elderly. Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry, 1(1), pp. 15-26. [DOI:10.1007/s40501-013-0003-0] [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.1007/s40501-013-0003-0]
29. Kumar, G. & Majumdar, A., 2014. Quality of Life (QOL) and its associated factors using WHOQOL-BREF among elderly in urban Puducherry, India. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, 8(1), pp. 54-7.
30. Lewis, S., et al., 2014. Spiritual well-being and its influence on fatigue in patients undergoing active cancer directed treatment: A correlational study. Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics, 10(3), pp. 676-80. [PMID] [PMID]
31. Liang, Y. & Lu, P., 2014. Medical insurance policy organized by Chinese government and the health inequity of the elderly: longitudinal comparison based on effect of new cooperative medical scheme on health of rural elderly in 22 provinces and cities. International Journal for Equity in Health, 13, p. 37. [DOI:10.1186/1475-9276-13-37] [DOI:10.1186/1475-9276-13-37]
32. López-Soto, P. J., 2015. 24-hour pattern of falls in hospitalized and long-term care institutionalized elderly persons: A systematic review of the published literature. Chronobiology international, 32(4), pp. 548-56. [DOI:10.3109/07420528.2014.987295] [DOI:10.3109/07420528.2014.987295]
33. Mangen, M. J., et al., 2017. Quality of Life in community-dwelling Dutch elderly measured by EQ-5D-3L. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 15, p. 3. [DOI:10.1186/s12955-016-0577-5] [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.1186/s12955-016-0577-5]
34. Mazloomy Mahmoodabad, S., et al., 2014. Education based on precede-proceed on Quality of Life in elderly. Global Journal of Health Science, 6(6), pp. 178-84. [DOI:10.5539/gjhs.v6n6p178] [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.5539/gjhs.v6n6p178]
35. Mehri Nejad, S. A., Ramezan Saatchi, L. & Paydar, S., 2017. [Death anxiety and its relationship with social support and adherence to religion in the elderly (Persian)]. Iranian Journal of Ageing, 11(4), pp. 494-503. [DOI:10.21859/sija-1104494] [DOI:10.21859/sija-1104494]
36. Miranda, L. C. V., Soares, S. M. & Silva, P. A. B., 2016. Quality of Life and associated factors in elderly people at a Reference Center. Ciencia & Saude Coletiva, 21(11), pp. 3533-44. [DOI:10.1590/1413-812320152111.21352015] [PMID] [DOI:10.1590/1413-812320152111.21352015]
37. Nasiry, Z. G. D., Bagheri, N. M. & Malekzadeh, S. M., 2016. Relationship between Spiritual Well-Being and Quality of Life in multiple sclerosis patients. Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Sciences, 3(2), pp. 25-31. [DOI:10.18869/acadpub.jnms.3.2.25]
38. Nazemi, L., et al., 2015. Malnutrition, prevalence and relation to some risk factors among elderly residents of nursing homes in Tehran, Iran. Iranian Journal of Public Health, 44(2), pp. 218-27. [PMID] [PMCID] [PMID] [PMCID]
39. Nikkhah, M., et al., 2017. Psychometric properties of the Persian version of the Older People's Quality of Life Questionnaire (OPQOL-35). Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 16(1), p. 174. [DOI:10.1186/s12955-018-1002-z] [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.1186/s12955-018-1002-z]
40. Poor, H. J., Borji, M., Borji, M. & Moslemi, A., 2016. The relationship between Spiritual Well-Being and Quality of Life and optimism on the staff of Arak University of Medical Science. Health, Spirituality and Medical Ethnic, 3(2), pp. 8-15.
41. Rashedi, V., et al., 2016. Prevalence of disability in Iranian older adults in Tehran, Iran: A population-based study. Journal of Health and Social Sciences, 11(Suppl.1), pp. 251-62.
42. Ryff, C. D. & Singer, B. H., 2008. Know thyself and become what you are: A eudaimonic approach to psychological well-being. Journal of Happiness Studies, 9(1), pp. 13-39. [DOI:10.1007/s10902-006-9019-0] [DOI:10.1007/s10902-006-9019-0]
43. Seraji, M., Shojaezade, D. & Rakhshani, F., 2016. The relationship between Spiritual Well-Being and Quality of Life among the elderly people residing in Zahedan City (South-East of Iran). Elderly Health Journal, 2(2), pp. 84-8.
44. Shi, X., et al., 2017. Marital status and survival of patients with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma: A population-based study. Oncotarget, 8(17), pp. 28526-43. [DOI:10.18632/oncotarget.16095] [DOI:10.18632/oncotarget.16095]
45. Soliman, H. H., et al., 2015. Families' satisfaction with public housing in Saudi Arabia and its effect on the quality of their lives. Journal of Social Service Research, 41(1), pp. 385-97. [DOI:10.1080/01488376.2014.994798] [DOI:10.1080/01488376.2014.994798]
46. Steptoe, A., Deaton, A. & Stone, A. A., 2015. Subjective wellbeing, health, and ageing. The Lancet, 385(9968), pp. 640-8. [DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(13)61489-0] [DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(13)61489-0]
47. Tkatch, R., et al., 2016. Population health management for older adults: Review of interventions for promoting successful aging across the health continuum. Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine, 2, p. 2333721416667877. [DOI:10.1177/2333721416667877] [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.1177/2333721416667877]
48. Van Nguyen, T., et al., 2017. Difference in Quality of Life and associated factors among the elderly in rural Vietnam. Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene, 58(1), pp. E63-71. [PMID] [PMCID] [PMID] [PMCID]
49. Velasco-Gonzalez, L. & Rioux, L., 2014. The Spiritual Well-Being of elderly people: A study of a French sample. Journal of Religion and Health, 53(4), pp. 1123-37. [DOI:10.1007/s10943-013-9710-5] [PMID] [DOI:10.1007/s10943-013-9710-5]
50. Walker, S. J., et al., 2017. The relationships between Spiritual Well-Being, Quality of Life, and psychological factors before radiotherapy for prostate cancer. Journal of Religion and Health, 56(5), pp. 1846-55. [DOI:10.1007/s10943-016-0352-2] [PMID] [DOI:10.1007/s10943-016-0352-2]
51. Wang, C. W., Chow, A. Y. & Chan, C. L., 2017a. The effects of life review interventions on Spiritual Well-Being, psychological distress, and Quality of Life in patients with terminal or advanced cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Palliative Medicine, 31(10), pp. 883-94. [DOI:10.1177/0269216317705101] [DOI:10.1177/0269216317705101]
52. Wang, F. L., et al., 2017b. Influence of marital status on the Quality of Life of Chinese adult patients with epilepsy. Chinese Medical Journal, 130(1), pp. 83-7. [DOI:10.4103/0366-6999.196572] [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.4103/0366-6999.196572]
53. Yin, S. S., et al., 2017. Quality of Life (QOL) and Its associated factors among rungus elderly population in the rural areas of Kudat, Sabah. Borneo Journal of Medical Sciences, 11(1), pp. 42-55.
54. Zeinalhajlu, A. A., Amini, A. & Tabrizi, J. S., 2015. [Consequences of population aging in Iran with emphasis on its increasing challenges on the health system (Literature review) (Persian)]. Depiction of Health, 6(1), PP. 54-64.
55. Zhou, J. & Hearst, N., 2016. Health-related Quality of Life of among elders in rural China: The effect of widowhood. Quality of Life Research, 25(12), pp. 3087-95. [DOI:10.1007/s11136-016-1338-y] [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.1007/s11136-016-1338-y]
56. Zimmer, Z., et al., 2016. Spirituality, religiosity, aging and health in global perspective: A review. SSM-Population Health, 2, pp. 373-81. [DOI: 10.1016/j.ssmph.2016.04.009] [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.1016/j.ssmph.2016.04.009]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb