Volume 5, Issue 1 (In Progress 2019)                   JCCNC 2019, 5(1): 11-12 | Back to browse issues page

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Rezaei M, Vatankhah M, Mirbagher Ajorpaz N, Gholami M. Effects of an Osteoporosis Prevention Empowerment Program based on Health Belief Model on the Self - Efficacy of Iranian Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial. JCCNC. 2019; 5 (1) :11-12
URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-213-en.html
1- Autoimmune Diseases Research Center, Department of Nursing and Midwifery, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.
2- Trauma Nursing Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
3- Autoimmune Diseases Research Center, Department of Nursing and Midwifery, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran. , salam_20012003@yahoo.co.uk
Abstract:   (81 Views)
Background: Osteoporosis as a disorder characterized by low bone mass and loss of the quality of bone microarchitecture may lead to increased fracture risk. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of an empowerment program based on health belief model (HBM) on the self-efficacy of older adults to prevent osteoporosis.     
Methods: It was a randomized controlled trial with pretest, post-test and follow-up design. Participants were selected by convenient sampling and were randomly assigned to intervention (n=38) and control (n=38) groups. Data collection was done using the Osteoporosis Self-efficacy Scale (OSEB) and   Osteoporosis Health Belief Scale (OHBS). The intervention program was performed over a consecutive 4-week group education and a 4- week individual follow up. Questionnaires were completed before, immediately after the last session and one month after the completion of the study. Data were analyzed by Chi‑square, independent t‑test, and repeated measures ANOVA using SPSS-PC v. 13.
Results: There was a significant difference between the groups in terms of the mean score of Osteoporosis Self-efficacy and its subscales (p < 0.05) and the Osteoporosis Health Belief constructs (p < 0.05) after the intervention. These differences were not significant in the control group in all domains (P≥0.05) except "perceived barriers of calcium intake (p = 0.04)" and "health motivation (p = 0.02)".
Conclusion: Education based on HBM is effective on promoting self - efficacy and osteoporosis preventing behaviors. Therefore this kind of education   is suggested in older adults to prevent osteoporosis.
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/06/8 | Accepted: 2019/06/17

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