Volume 6, Issue 1 (Winter 2020)                   JCCNC 2020, 6(1): 23-30 | Back to browse issues page

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Memarbashi E, Zadi Akhuleh O, Imani F, Nasiri E. Evaluation of the Patient Safety Culture Status and its Related Factors From the Perspective of Operating Room Personnel. JCCNC. 2020; 6 (1) :23-30
URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-229-en.html
1- Department of Anesthesiology and Operating Room, Faculty of Allied Medical Sciences, Medical Student Research Committee, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.
2- Department of Anesthesiology and Operating Room, Faculty of Allied Medical Sciences, Traditional and Complementary Medicine Research Center, Addiction Institute, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran. , rezanf2002@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (550 Views)
Background: Patient safety is one of the principles of health care and evaluation of the patient safety culture motivates to provide safe conditions for patient care. Regarding the invasive procedures and the necessity of special attention to patient safety in the operating room, this study aimed to determine the patient safety culture from the perspective of operating room personnel.
Methods: This research was a descriptive cross-sectional study. The study sample consisted of 206 operating room personnel of Mazandaran educational hospitals who were selected by stratified random sampling. Data collection was performed using the patient safety culture questionnaire and a demographic form. The obtained data were analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics (Pearson correlation test, one-way ANOVA, independent t-test, and Chi-square test) in SPSS V. 20. The significance level was set at less than 0.05. 
Results: Most of the operating room personnel (72.3%) rated the patient safety culture as moderate. Among the dimensions of patient safety culture, “non-punitive response to error” was not favorable (7.4±2) and the dimensions of the “frequency of error reporting” (11.5±2.2), “overall perceptions of patient safety” (15.1±2.4), and “teamwork within units” (15.4±2.9) were rated as favorable. Among the studied variables, there was a significant relationship between occupational groups and safety culture (P=0.04). 
Conclusion: Patient safety culture status was moderate from the perspective of most operating room personnel. Considering the greater sensitivity of safety in the operating room, hospital managers should adopt suitable approaches and policies to promote the patient safety culture.
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● Patient safety is considered as an inherent component of healthcare quality. 
● The main requirement to improve patient safety is to promote patient safety culture.
● Nowadays despite the significant progress of medical science, there are still a lot of unintended harms that threaten patients all around the world.
● The nature of the operating room requires a different approach to patient safety, as various invasive procedures are performed in this room.
Plain Language Summary 
Unsafe culture of healthcare employees is a major issue for healthcare providers in promoting the quality of care which is closely correlated with the occurrence of hospital errors and incidents. The operating room is one of the main units in the hospital, where the most important phase of patient treatment is performed. This study was designed to determine the status of patient safety culture and its related factors from the perspective of operating room personnel. According to the results, the average safety culture was not ideal in the operating room personnel. 
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/09/11 | Accepted: 2019/01/3 | Published: 2020/02/1

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