Volume 6, Issue 3 (Summer 2020)                   JCCNC 2020, 6(3): 157-162 | Back to browse issues page

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Masmouei B, Bazvand H, Harorani M, Bazrafshan M, Karami Z, Jokar M. Relationship Between Personality Traits and Nursing Professionalism. JCCNC. 2020; 6 (3) :157-162
URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-263-en.html
1- Department of Nursing, School of Nursing Hazrat Zahra Abadeh,, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
2- Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Abadeh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Abadeh, Iran.
3- Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.
4- Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, Larestan University of Medical Sciences, Larestan, Iran. , m.bazrafshan@larums.ac.ir
5- Clinical Nurse, Abadeh Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Abadeh, Iran.
6- Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, Khomein University of Medical Sciences, Khomein, Iran.
Abstract:   (560 Views)
Background: Professionalism is among the major concepts of nursing. Besides, nursing professionalism is often associated with attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors that underlie the successful clinical practice. Personality traits can affect various aspects of an individual’s life. Accordingly, the present study aimed to determine the relationship between personality traits and nursing professionalism. 
Methods: A cross-sectional correlational study was conducted on 205 nurses in teaching hospitals of Khoramabad City, Iran, in 2017. The study subjects were recruited by the stratified sampling method. NEO Personality Inventory and Goze Professional Behavior questionnaire were used to collect the required information. Then, the obtained data were analyzed by SPSS using descriptive and inferential statistics. 
Results: Nursing professionalism had a direct relationship with extraversion (r=0.330, P<0.05), conscientiousness (r=0.333, P<0.05), and agreeableness (r=0.172, P=0.014); it also had an inversed relationship with neuroticism (r=- 0.161, P=0.021). 
Conclusion: The Big Five personality traits are strongly related to nursing professionalism; with conscientiousness and extraversion as the most pronounced traits. Nurses’ attitudes are partly rooted in their personality traits and these attitudes affect the nurse-patient relationship. Therefore, it is suggested that these characteristics be considered in appointing nurses in different departments.
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● Every profession requires particular personality traits.
● Professionalism is partly related to the type of personality.
● Professionalism in nursing is directly associated with conscientiousness, extraversion, and agreeableness. It has a negative association with neuroticism.

Plain Language Summary 
Human personality traits can affect all aspects of life, including interpersonal relationships and job performance. The nature of the nursing profession requires establishing a good relationship with the patients. Thus, determining the relationship between personality traits and nursing performance should be considered. This study suggested that professionalism in nursing was directly related to extroversion, conscientiousness, and agreeableness personality traits. This finding can be used in appointing nurses in different wards.
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2020/03/13 | Accepted: 2020/05/25 | Published: 2020/08/1

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