Volume 7, Issue 2 (Spring 2021)                   JCCNC 2021, 7(2): 123-130 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Kiani H, Hoseinian M, Sadat Z, Mirbagher Ajorpaz N. Prevalence of Anesthesia Complications in Orthopedic Surgeries and its Related Factors. JCCNC. 2021; 7 (2) :123-130
URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-301-en.html
1- Department of Nursing and Midwifery, Trauma Nursing Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.
2- Department of Nursing and Midwifery, Autoimmune Diseases Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran. , mirbagher_n@kaums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (355 Views)
Background: The duration of surgery in orthopedic surgeries is often longer than one hour. Therefore, these patients are at further risk of complications induced by general anesthesia. The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of anesthesia complications in orthopedic surgeries and its related factors. 
Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 400 patients undergoing orthopedic surgery in Shahid Beheshti Hospital of Kashan Province, Iran, in 2020. The study subjects were recruited by convenience sampling and included those who underwent general anesthesia for elective surgery and were transferred to Post-Anesthesia Care Unit (PACU). The research instruments included a demographic questionnaire and a checklist for recording complications (shivering, pain, nausea, vomiting, & vital signs). The necessary data were recorded after the patient was admitted to the PACU, as well as half an hour and one hour later. The obtained data were analyzed using the Chi-squared test, Independent Samples t-test, one-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), Pearson correlation coefficient, and logistic regression analysis in SPSS v. 16.
Results: The present research results suggested that the most and least frequent complications were vomiting (91.8%) and changes in blood pressure (5%), respectively. Gender was significantly associated with pain, nausea, and hypertension (P<0.05). The Pearson correlation coefficient data indicated a significant relationship between the duration of anesthesia and the mean scores of shivering, pain, nausea, tachycardia, and tachypnea (P<0.05). There was also a significant relationship between the types of surgery and shivering, pain, blood pressure, and nausea (P<0.05). Pulse rate was significantly associated with complete intravenous anesthesia and the duration of anesthesia (P<0.05).
Conclusion: The relatively high incidence of post-anesthesia complications in orthopedic surgeries indicates the significance of employing skilled personnel as well as using adequate monitoring equipment at the PACU. Such measures help to decrease mortality and morbidity among patients, also save on hospital costs.
Full-Text [PDF 624 kb]   (97 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (43 Views)  
• Vomiting was the most frequent complication after anesthesia in orthopedic surgeries. 
• There was a significant relationship between the duration of anesthesia and the mean scores of shivering, pain, nausea, tachycardia, and tachypnea. 
• Tachycardia was significantly associated with complete intravenous anesthesia and the duration of anesthesia.
Plain Language Summary 
The duration of surgery in orthopedic surgeries is often longer than one hour. Therefore, these patients are at higher risks of complications from general anesthesia. The present study determined the prevalence of post-anesthesia complications in orthopedic surgeries and its related factors in 2020. The obtained results indicated that the most complication after anesthesia in orthopedic surgeries was vomiting; the least complication was changes in blood pressure. Gender was significantly associated with pain, nausea, and hypertension. There was a significant relationship between the duration of anesthesia and shivering, pain, nausea, and pulse rate. There was also a significant relationship between the types of surgery and shivering, pain, blood pressure, and nausea. Pulse rate was significantly associated with complete intravenous anesthesia and the duration of anesthesia.

Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2020/12/24 | Accepted: 2021/03/16 | Published: 2021/05/1

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb