Volume 7, Issue 2 (Spring 2021)                   JCCNC 2021, 7(2): 149-158 | Back to browse issues page


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Mohammadipour S, Dasht Bozorgi Z, Hooman F. The Role of Mental Health of Mothers of Children With Learning Disabilities in the Relationship Between Parental Stress, Mother-child Interaction, and Children’s Behavioral Disorders. JCCNC. 2021; 7 (2) :149-158
URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-302-en.html
1- Department of Psychology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran.
2- Department of Psychology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran. , zdashtbzrgi@gmail.com
Abstract:   (495 Views)
Background: Behavioral problems of children are common and debilitating conditions that create many difficulties for both children and their families. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between parental stress and mother-child interaction, and children’s behavioral disorders with the mediating role of mental health in the mothers of children with learning disabilities.
Methods: The research population of this descriptive-correlational study consisted of the mothers of all students with learning disabilities in Adnimeshk City, Iran, in 2020. Applying the convenience sampling method, 210 students were selected as the study sample. The research instruments included the Child Behavior Checklist, the Parental Stress Scale, the Child-Parent Relationship Scale, and the Mental Health Questionnaire. The proposed model was evaluated using path analysis in AMOS v. 24.
Results: The obtained results indicated a direct and significant relationship between parental stress and children’s behavioral disorders (β=0.321, P=0.0001), as well as mother-child interaction and mothers’ mental health (β=0.255, P=0.001). There was a negative relationship between mother-child interaction and children’s behavioral disorders (β=-0.148, P=0.019), as well as parental stress and mothers’ mental health (β=-0.581, P=0.0001). Furthermore, the collected results presented a reverse and significant relationship between mothers’ mental health and children’s behavioral disorders (β=-0.360, P=0.0001). The indirect path analysis data revealed that mothers’ mental health played a mediating role in the relationship between parental stress, mother-child interaction, and children’s behavioral disorders (P=0.001).
Conclusion: According to the present research results, the model proposed in this study was favorably fitted; thus, it can be considered as an important step in identifying the factors affecting behavioral disorders in students with learning disabilities.
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• There was a direct and significant relationship between maternal stress and children’s behavioral disorders.
• There was a direct and significant relationship between mother-child interaction and mothers’ mental health.
• There was a negative relationship between maternal stress and mothers’ mental health.
• Maternal mental health played a mediating role in the relationship between mother-child interaction and children’s behavioral disorders.
Plain Language Summary 
Behavioral problems of children are common and debilitating conditions that cause many difficulties for children and their families. Accordingly, these conditions lead to helplessness and reduced self-efficacy and affect children’s personal and academic performance. The mothers of students with learning disabilities usually report extensive negative consequences of psychological wellbeing problems as soon as they notice their child’s problems. In general, this study suggested the following conclusions: there was a direct relationship between mothers’ stress and children’s behavioral disorders, as well as mother-child interaction and the mental health of the mothers of children with learning disabilities. There was a negative relationship between mother-child interaction and children’s behavioral disorders, as well as parental stress and the mental health of the mothers. The mental health of the mothers played a mediating role in the relationship between mother-child interaction and children’s behavioral disorders, as well as parental stress and children’s behavioral disorders. 

Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2020/02/25 | Accepted: 2021/03/25 | Published: 2021/05/1

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