Volume 7, Issue 4 (Autumn - In Press 2021)                   JCCNC 2021, 7(4): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page


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Usman S, Salma W O, Asriati A. Determinants of Stunting Incidence in Children Under 5 Years at the Rumbia Health Center- Indonesia. JCCNC. 2021; 7 (4)
URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-322-en.html
1- Master Candidate, Post-Graduate Student, College of Public Health, Haluoleo University, Kendari, Indonesia.
2- Departement of Nutrition, College of Public Health, Haluoleo University, Kendari, Indonesia. , salmawaode849@gmail.com
3- Departement of Medical, Medical of Faculty, Haluoleo University, Kendari, Indonesia.
Abstract:   (59 Views)
Background: Stunting as a linear growth retardation is a major public health problem among children worldwide. This study aims to investigate the determinants of stunting in children under five years at the Rumbia Health Center, Indonesia.
Methods: This case-control study was done using 82 (41 cases and 41 controls) subjects matched by age and sex, taken by purposive sampling involving infants and children aged 6-59 months in Rumbia District, Bombana Regency-Indonesia, consisting of 5 Village. The data was collected using medical records and a researcher-made questionnaire and was analyzed by odds ratios and logistic regression using SPSS software version 16.0. Significance level was set as 0.05. 
Results: Bivariate analysis of stunting in infants with a history of exclusive breastfeeding showed p-value = 0.27 OR = 1.8 (95% CI: 0.7-4.3), Birth weight p-value = 0.01 OR = 11 .2 (CI 95% = 1.3-93.5), Family Income p-value = 0.01 OR = 0.3 (95% CI: 0.1-0.7), Mother's Education level p-value = 0.00 OR= 0.2   95% CI :0.1-0.4. The results based on multivariate analysis showed that the incidence of stunting was influenced by a number of factors including history of exclusive breastfeeding (OR=0.352), birth weight (OR = 5.106), family income (OR = 0.703), and mother's education level (OR 0.175). However, mother's education level was significantly related to the incidence of stunting in this analysis model (p=0.003).
Conclusion:  Indonesian mothers should be more active in accessing information about stunting and how to prevent it. Community health nurses and other members of health care team are recommended to intensify the provision of stunting education and information to the community, especially to at-risk families. Also special attention must be paid to women's access to higher education.  
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2021/08/21 | Accepted: 2021/10/2 | Published: 2021/11/28

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