Volume 7, Issue 4 (Autumn - In Press 2021)                   JCCNC 2021, 7(4): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page


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Pirooz-arjmandi S, Sajadi M, Bayati A, Sajadei N. The Effect of Face-to-Face and Multimedia Methods of Education on Children’s Constipation Severity. JCCNC. 2021; 7 (4)
URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-325-en.html
1- School of Nursing, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Sardasht region, Arak, Iran.
2- School of Nursing, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Sardasht region, Arak, Iran. , sajadimahbobeh@yahoo.com
3- School of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Sardasht region, Arak, Iran.
Abstract:   (32 Views)
Background: Constipation is a common problem among children. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of face-to-face and multimedia education on the severity of functional constipation of children.  
Method: It was a two-group pre-test, post-test quasi-experimental study that was carried out at the Specialized Clinics of Pediatrics of Arak University of Medical Sciences in Arak- Iran. The sample consisted of 96 eligible children in the age range of 6 to 12 years that were randomly assigned into face-to-face (n=48) and multimedia (n=48) groups. Functional constipation was detected by Rome ΙΙΙ criteria. The data was collected by a demographic characteristics form and   Constipation Assessment Scale (CAS) before intervention and one month later in both groups. In the face-to-face group, education was provided with two 15-minutes training sessions in the form of a lecture in the presence of the mother. The multimedia training group received a 15-minutes training video. Both groups were given a pamphlet. The data were analyzed by Fisher exact test, independent t-test and paired t-test using SPSS version 16.  
Results: There was no significant difference between the groups’ constipation severity before the intervention (P=0.12). There was a significant difference between the mean score of constipation severity in the face-to-face group (P=0.01) and multimedia group (P=0.001) before and after the intervention. However, the mean score of constipation severity after the intervention was 7.05 ± 1.79 in the face-to-face group and 5.91 ± 1.69 in the multimedia group (p=0.001). 
Conclusions: The results of this study showed that both educational interventions reduced the severity of constipation in children. But multimedia training was more effective than face-to-face education, so that it reduced the severity of constipation to a greater extent.
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2021/09/1 | Accepted: 2021/10/12 | Published: 2021/11/28

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