Volume 2, Issue 4 (Autumn 2016 -- 2016)                   JCCNC 2016, 2(4): 201-206 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Khodabakhshi Koolaee A, Damirchi F. Comparing Quality of Life Among Female Sex Workers With and Without Addiction. JCCNC 2016; 2 (4) :201-206
URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-105-en.html
1- Department of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, Khatam University, Tehran, Iran. , a.khodabakhshid@khatam.ac.ir
2- Department of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, Khatam University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (5649 Views)

Background: Prostitution and substance abuse are among the crucial social problems in women, which affect the quality of life. However, no study has yet investigated that prostitution and substance abuse affect which dimension(s) of quality of life. The current study aimed to compare different dimensions of quality of life among female sex workers with and without drug abuse.
Methods: The research design was ex post facto study. The study sample comprised 120 women (60 female sex workers with substance abuse and 60 without substance abuse). They were selected through convenience sampling method in Tehran, in 2016. They completed WHO Quality of Life-BREF questionnaire. Data analysis was done using multivariate analysis of variance and covariance methods by SPSS V. 20.
Results: According to the results, there was a significant difference between female sex workers with and without drug use (P < 0.05) with regard to physical, social relationship and environment health. The sex workers without drug abuse had higher quality of life in aforementioned aspects. However, no significant difference was observed among two groups with regard to psychological health (P > 0.05). 
Conclusion: The results indicated that quality of life in female sex workers with using drug is poorer than their counterparts who are not drug users. These findings emphasize that health care providers can consider quality of life as an essential factor in therapeutic intervention (primary and secondary) in prostitutes and addicted women. Female sex workers using drug have the psychological, social, and biological needs that require the immediate and considerable attention.

Full-Text [PDF 1365 kb]   (2076 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (1375 Views)  
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2016/05/5 | Accepted: 2016/08/17 | Published: 2016/10/1

1. Alegria, A. A. et al. 2013. Sex differences in antisocial personality disorder: Results from the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 4(3), pp. 214–222. doi: 10.1037/a0031681 [DOI:10.1037/a0031681]
2. Argento, E., et al. 2015. Prevalence and correlates of nonmedical prescription opioid use among a cohort of sex workers in Vancouver, Canada. International Journal of Drug Policy, 26(1), pp. 59–66. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2014.07.010 [DOI:10.1016/j.drugpo.2014.07.010]
3. Baumeister, S. E., et al. 2014. Effect of a primary care based brief intervention trial among risky drug users on health-related quality of life. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 142, pp. 254–261. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2014.06.034 [DOI:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2014.06.034]
4. Behzad S, et al. 2016. The comparison of body image, quality of sleep and marital satisfaction among substance abuser and non-substance abuser women. Community Health, 3(1), pp. 31-40.
5. Brody, C., et al. 2015. HIV risk and psychological distress among female entertainment workers in Cambodia: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health, 16:133. doi: 10.1186/s12889-016-2814-6 [DOI:10.1186/s12889-016-2814-6]
6. Choudhury, S. M., 2010. As prostitutes, we control our bodies": perceptions of health and body in the lives of establishment-based female sex workers in Tijuana, Mexico. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 12(6), pp. 677–689. doi: 10.1080/13691051003797263 [DOI:10.1080/13691051003797263]
7. Collinson, S. & Ash, A., 2015. "Broken homes and violent streets": are there common factors which predispose girls and young women to become street sex workers? Mental Health and Social Inclusion, 19(4), pp. 222–230. doi: 10.1108/mhsi-08-2015-0033 [DOI:10.1108/MHSI-08-2015-0033]
8. Dalla, R. L., 2002. Night Moves: A Qualitative Investigation of Street-Level Sex Work. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 26(1), pp. 63–73. doi: 10.1111/1471-6402.00044 [DOI:10.1111/1471-6402.00044]
9. Deering, K. N. et al. 2014. A systematic review of the correlates of violence against sex workers. American Journal of Public Health, 104(5), pp. 42–54. doi: 10.2105/ajph.2014.301909 [DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2014.301909]
10. Chowdhury, T., et al. 2013. Nutritional status and KAP about HIV/AIDS among floating drug addicted and commercial sex workers in Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Journal of AIDS and HIV Research, 5(9), pp. 334-340. doi: 10.5897/JAHR2013.0248
11. Hengartner, M. P., et al. 2015. Mental health and functioning of female sex workers in Chittagong, Bangladesh. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 6(176), pp. 1-7. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2015.00176 [DOI:10.3389/fpsyt.2015.00176]
12. Khajedaluee, M., Assadi, R. & Dadgar Moghadam, M., 2013. Health-related quality of life of young addict women in Mashhad, IR Iran. International Journal of High Risk Behaviors and Addiction, 2(2), pp. 87–91. doi: 10.5812/ijhrba.10296 [DOI:10.5812/ijhrba.10296]
13. Khodabakhshi-Koolaee, A., et al. 2015. Impact of methamphetamine and opium use in sexual satisfaction and body image in married substance and non-substance user men. Social Determinants of Health, 1(2), pp. 71-80.
14. Khodabakhshi Koolaee, A., Falsafinejad, M. R. & Akbari, M. E., 2015. The effect of stress management model in quality of life in breast cancer women. Iranian Journal of Cancer Prevention, 8(4), p. 3435. doi: 10.17795/ijcp-3435 [DOI:10.17795/ijcp-3435]
15. Khodabakhshi-koolaee, A., & Damirchi, F., 2016. Comparison of health-promoting lifestyle between prostitute women drug users and non-prostitute women drug users: A case-control study in Tehran. Nursing Journal of the Vulnerable, 3(7), pp. 59-71.
16. Love, R., 2015. Street level prostitution: a systematic literature review. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 36(8), pp. 568–577. doi: 10.3109/01612840.2015.1020462 [DOI:10.3109/01612840.2015.1020462]
17. Malery khah Langeroudi, Z., et al. 2014. [Barriers of condom use among female sex workers in Tehran, a qualitative study (Persian)]. Journal of School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research, 12(2), pp. 23-34.
18. Matusiewicz, A. K. et al. 2016. The relationship between non-medical use of prescription opioids and sex work among adults in residential substance use treatment. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 64, pp. 24–28. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2016.01.010 [DOI:10.1016/j.jsat.2016.01.010]
19. Mirzazadeh, A. et al. 2012. Accuracy of HIV-Related risk behaviors reported by female sex workers, Iran: A method to quantify measurement bias in marginalized populations. AIDS and Behavior, 17(2), pp. 623–631. doi: 10.1007/s10461-012-0285-z [DOI:10.1007/s10461-012-0285-z]
20. Moore, L., et al. 2014. Community empowerment and involvement of female sex workers in targeted sexual and reproductive health interventions in Africa: A systematic review. Globalization and Health, 10(1), pp. 47. doi: 10.1186/1744-8603-10-47 [DOI:10.1186/1744-8603-10-47]
21. Motahhari, S., et al. 2016. The effectiveness of psychotherapy based on quality of life improvement on emotion regulation and relapse prevention in addicts. Journal of Practice in Clinical Psychology, 4(1), pp. 25-32.
22. Murphy, L. S., 2010. Understanding the social and economic contexts surrounding women engaged in street-level prostitution. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 31(12), pp. 775–784. doi: 10.3109/01612840.2010.524345 [DOI:10.3109/01612840.2010.524345]
23. Nejat, S., et al. 2006. The World Health Organization quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF) questionnaire: Translation and validation study of the Iranian version (Persian). Journal of School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research, 4(4), pp. 1-12.
24. Öhlin, L., Fridell, M. & Nyhlén, A., 2015. Buprenorphine maintenance program with contracted work/education and low tolerance for non-prescribed drug use: a cohort study of outcome for women and men after seven years. BMC Psychiatry, 15, p. 56. doi: 10.1186/s12888-015-0415-z [DOI:10.1186/s12888-015-0415-z]
25. O'Connor, P. J. & Brown, C. M., 2016. Sex-linked personality traits and stress: Emotional skills protect feminine women from stress but not feminine men. Personality and Individual Differences, 99, pp. 28–32. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2016.04.075 [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2016.04.075]
26. Öhlin, L., Fridell, M. & Nyhlén, A., 2015. Buprenorphine maintenance program with contracted work/education and low tolerance for non-prescribed drug use: a cohort study of outcome for women and men after seven years. BMC Psychiatry, 15, p. 56. doi: 10.1186/s12888-015-0415-z [DOI:10.1186/s12888-015-0415-z]
27. Priester, M. A., et al. 2016. Treatment access barriers and disparities among individuals with co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders: An integrative literature review. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 61, pp. 47–59. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2015.09.006 [DOI:10.1016/j.jsat.2015.09.006]
28. Ramrakha, S., et al. 2013. The relationship between multiple sex partners and anxiety, depression, and substance dependence disorders: a cohort study. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 42(5), pp. 863–872. doi: 10.1007/s10508-012-0053-1 [DOI:10.1007/s10508-012-0053-1]
29. Rahmatizadeh, M., & Khodabakhshi Koolaee, A., 2012. The association between family flexibility, food preoccupation and body image among crystal abuser women. International Journal of High Risk Behaviors and Addiction, 1(3), pp. 126–131. doi: 10.5812/ijhrba.7503 [DOI:10.5812/ijhrba.7503]
30. Rhodes, T., et al. 2012. Structural violence and structural vulnerability within the risk environment: Theoretical and methodological perspectives for a social epidemiology of HIV risk among injection drug users and sex workers. In JR Dunn (ed.), Rethinking Social Epidemiology. Springer, Netherlands. [DOI:10.1007/978-94-007-2138-8_10]
31. Saberi Zafarghandi, M. B., et al. 2013. [Challenges of integrating the drug demand reduction into primary health care services program in Iran: Report of a roundtable (Persian)]. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry & Clinical Psychology, 19(4), pp. 326-329.
32. Seydi, M., Ghafouri, A., Jalali, M., 2014. [The Study of Personality Traits and Defense Mechanism among Prostitutes, Addicted and Normal Women (Persian)]. Research on Addiction, 8(29):89-105.
33. Shannon, K., et al. 2008. Social and structural violence and power relations in mitigating HIV risk of drug-using women in survival sex work. Social Science & Medicine, 66(4), pp. 911–921. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2007.11.008 [DOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2007.11.008]
34. Skevington, S. M., Lotfy, M., & O'Connell, K. A., 2004. The World Health Organization's WHOQOL-BREF quality of life assessment: Psychometric properties and results of the international field trial. A Report from the WHOQOL Group. Quality of Life Research, 13(2), pp. 299-310. doi:10.1023/B:QURE.0000018486.91360.00 [DOI:10.1023/B:QURE.0000018486.91360.00]
35. Tracy, E. M. et al. 2012. Prospective patterns and correlates of quality of life among women in substance abuse treatment. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 124(3), pp. 242–49. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2012.01.010 [DOI:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2012.01.010]
36. Ulibarri, M. D. et al. 2014. "Amar te Duele" (Love hurts): Sexual relationship power, intimate partner violence, depression symptoms and HIV risk among female sex workers who use drugs and their non-commercial, steady partners in Mexico. AIDS and Behavior, 19(1), pp. 9–18. doi: 10.1007/s10461-014-0772-5 [DOI:10.1007/s10461-014-0772-5]
37. Vandepitte, J. (2006). Estimates of the number of female sex workers in different regions of the world. Sexually Transmitted Infections, 82(suppl3), 18–25. doi: 10.1136/sti.2006.020081 [DOI:10.1136/sti.2006.020081]
38. Vorspan, F., et al. 2015. Anxiety and substance use disorders: co-occurrence and clinical issues. Current Psychiatry Reports, 17(2). doi: 10.1007/s11920-014-0544-y [DOI:10.1007/s11920-014-0544-y]
39. Vuylsteke, B. et al. 2015. Retention and risk factors for loss to follow-up of female and male sex workers on antiretroviral treatment in Ivory Coast. JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 68, pp. S99–S106. doi: 10.1097/qai.0000000000000442 [DOI:10.1097/QAI.0000000000000442]
40. Wang, B., et al. 2007. Sexual coercion, HIV-related risk, and mental health among female sex workers in China. Health Care for Women International, 28(8), pp. 745–762. doi: 10.1080/07399330701465226 [DOI:10.1080/07399330701465226]
41. Anon, 1998. Development of the World Health Organization WHOQOL-BREF quality of life assessment. Psychological Medicine, 28(3), pp. 551–558. doi: 10.1017/s0033291798006667 [DOI:10.1017/S0033291798006667]
42. World Health Organization, 1997. Measuring quality of life. World Health Organization, Geneva.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb