Volume 3, Issue 4 ( Autumn 2017 -- 2017)                   JCCNC 2017, 3(4): 283-290 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Tahmasbi S, Mirzaiean S, Bonyadi M, Mohammadi P. Iranian Nurses Professional Socialization . JCCNC 2017; 3 (4) :283-290
URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-149-en.html
1- Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord, Iran. , s.tahmasbi@iaushk.ac.ir
2- Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord, Iran.
3- Abadan Oil Company Hospital, Abadan, Iran.
Abstract:   (3881 Views)
Background: Professional socialization of nurses defines a process in which novice practitioners are trained to develop the attitude and skills to become professional practitioners. This study was conducted to assess the level of professional socialization among clinical nurses.
Methods: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study. A total of 600 nurses from Tehran and Shahrekord teaching hospitals and Oil Company hospital in Abadan, were recruited through convenience sampling method, participated in this study.  Data collection was based on a valid and reliable questionnaire consisting of two parts including demographic form and “Nurses’ Professional Socialization” (NPS). Sta­tistical analysis was carried out by Kruskal-Wallis test and chi-square tests using SPSS software, version 17 and  P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: The mean score of nurses’ professional socialization level was 213.96  ±  20.89. Nurses were at competent, proficient and expert levels with no novice or advanced beginner nurses. In professional socialization domains, there was a significant difference in professional autonomy, commitment and group participation among Tehran, Shahrekord and Abadan (p=0.001).  There was  a significant relationships  between   work experiences and group participation domain (χ2 = 9.1, df = 2, P = 0.01) and also the total score of professional socialization (χ2 = 6.8, df = 2, P = 0.03).
Conclusion: Nurses in this study were highly and professionally socialized. It is important for hospital nursing managers to maintain and   promote levels of professional socialization and help the new comers' resocialization process after their educational period. 
Full-Text [PDF 658 kb]   (1239 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (1614 Views)  
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/05/23 | Accepted: 2017/08/10 | Published: 2017/11/1

1. Abbas Zadeh, A., et al., 2013. The relationship between moral distress of nurses who work: A descrip-tive study of communication. Journal of Medical Ethics, 7(24), pp. 33-53.
2. AllahBakhshian, M., et al., 2017. Barriers to intensive care unit nurses' autonomy in Iran: A qualitative study. Nursing Outlook, 65(4), pp. 392-9. doi: 10.1016/j.outlook.2016.12.004 [DOI:10.1016/j.outlook.2016.12.004]
3. Arieli, D., Tamir, B. & Man, M., 2015. Teaching qualitative research as a means of socialization to nursing. Nurse Education Today, 35(6), pp. 795–9. doi: 10.1016/j.nedt.2015.02.021 [DOI:10.1016/j.nedt.2015.02.021]
4. Bagheri Nesami M., et al., 2008. [Concept analysis of competency in nursing: Qualitative research and delivery of a hybrid model (Persian)]. Journal of Mazandran University of Medical Sciences. 18(67), 35-42.
5. Bahreini, M., et al., 2011. Comparison of the clinical competence of nurses working in two univer-sity hospitals in Iran. Nursing & Health Sciences, 13(3), pp. 282-8. [PMID]
6. Baykara, Z. G. & Şahinoğlu, S., 2013. An evaluation of nurses' professional autonomy in Turkey. Nursing Ethics, 21(4), pp. 447–60. doi: 10.1177/0969733013505307 [DOI:10.1177/0969733013505307]
7. Black, B., 2016. Professional nursing E-Book: Concepts & challenges. Amsterdam: Elsevier Health Sciences.
8. Blais, K., et al., 2006. Socialization to professional nursing roles. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
9. Borrott, N., et al., 2016. Nursing students' belongingness and workplace satisfaction: Quantitative findings of a mixed methods study. Nurse Education Today, 45, pp. 29-34. doi: 10.1016/j.nedt.2016.06.005 [DOI:10.1016/j.nedt.2016.06.005]
10. Bosch, B. & Mansell, H., 2015. Interprofessional collaboration in health care. Canadian Pharmacists Journal / Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada, 148(4), pp. 176–9. doi: 10.1177/1715163515588106 [DOI:10.1177/1715163515588106]
11. Brown, J., Stevens, J. & Kermode, S., 2013. Measuring student nurse professional socialisation: The development and implementation of a new instrument. Nurse Education Today, 33(6), pp. 565–73. doi: 10.1016/j.nedt.2012.06.013 [DOI:10.1016/j.nedt.2012.06.013]
12. Bulut, H., Hisar, F. & Demir, S.G., 2010. Evaluation of mentorship programme in nursing education: A pilot study in Turkey. Nurse Education Today, 30(8), pp. 756–62. doi: 10.1016/j.nedt.2010.01.019 [DOI:10.1016/j.nedt.2010.01.019]
13. Dinmohammadi, M., Peyrovi, H. & Mehrdad, N., 2013. Concept analysis of professional socialization in nursing. Nursing Forum, 48(1), pp. 26–34. doi: 10.1111/nuf.12006 [DOI:10.1111/nuf.12006]
14. Dossey, B. M., 2012. Certificate C-DINC. Burlington, Massachusetts: Jones & Bartlett Publishers.
15. Farrell, K., Payne, C. & Heye, M., 2015. Integrating interprofessional collaboration skills into the advanced practice registered nurse socialization process. Journal of Professional Nursing, 31(1), pp. 5–10. doi: 10.1016/j.profnurs.2014.05.006 [DOI:10.1016/j.profnurs.2014.05.006]
16. Feng, R. F. & Tsai, Y. F., 2012. Socialisation of new graduate nurses to practising nurses. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 21(13-14), pp. 2064–71. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2011.03992.x [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2702.2011.03992.x]
17. Flora Rahimaghaee, R. N., Dehghan Nayeri, R. N. & Eesa Mohammadi, R. N., 2010. Iranian nurses' perceptions of their pro-fessional growth and development. Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 16(1), p. D1.
18. Galbany Estragués, P. & Comas d'Argemir, D., 2017. Care, autonomy, and gender in nursing practice: A historical study of nurses' experiences. Journal of Nursing Research, 25(5), pp. 361-7. [PMID]
19. Hao, Y. F. et al., 2014. Measurement of professional identity in Chinese nursing students. International Journal of Nursing Sciences, 1(2), pp. 137–44. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnss.2014.05.002 [DOI:10.1016/j.ijnss.2014.05.002]
20. Hasson, F., McKenna, H. P. & Keeney, S., 2013. A qualitative study exploring the impact of student nurses working part time as a health care assistant. Nurse Education Today, 33(8), pp. 873–9. doi: 10.1016/j.nedt.2012.09.014 [DOI:10.1016/j.nedt.2012.09.014]
21. Hoeve, Y., Jansen, G. & Roodbol, P., 2013. The nursing profession: public image, self-concept and professional identity. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 70(2), pp. 295–309. doi: 10.1111/jan.12177 [DOI:10.1111/jan.12177]
22. Houghton, C. E., 2014. Newcomer adaptation: A lens through which to understand how nursing students fit in with the real world of practice. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 23(15-16), pp. 2367–75. doi: 10.1111/jocn.12451 [DOI:10.1111/jocn.12451]
23. Iliopoulou, K. K. & While, A. E., 2010. Professional autonomy and job satisfaction: Survey of critical care nurses in mainland Greece. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 66(11), pp. 2520–31. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2010.05424.x [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2010.05424.x]
24. Jafaragaee, F., et al., 2012. Concept analysis of professional commitment in Iranian nurses. Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research, 17(7), pp. 472-9. PMCID: PMC3730449 [PMID] [PMCID]
25. Ke, Y. T., Kuo, C. C. & Hung, C. H., 2017. The effects of nursing preceptorship on new nurses' competence, professional socialization, job satisfaction, and retention: A systematic review. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 73(10), pp. 2296-305. doi: 10.1111/jan.13317 [DOI:10.1111/jan.13317]
26. Kelly, J. & Ahern, K., 2009. Preparing nurses for practice: A phenomenological study of the new graduate in Australia. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 18(6), pp. 910-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2008.02308.x [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2702.2008.02308.x]
27. Kern, A. et al., 2013. Undergraduate nursing students' belongingness in clinical learning environments: Constructivist grounded theory. Journal of Nursing Education and Practice, 4(3). doi: 10.5430/jnep. v4n3p133
28. Khalili, H. et al., 2013. An interprofessional socialization framework for developing an interprofessional identity among health professions students. Journal of Interprofessional Care, 27(6), pp. 448–53. doi: 10.3109/13561820.2013.804042 [DOI:10.3109/13561820.2013.804042]
29. Khamisa, N. et al., 2015. Work related stress, burnout, job satisfaction and general health of nurses. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 12(1), pp. 652–66. doi: 10.3390/ijerph120100652 [DOI:10.3390/ijerph120100652]
30. King, G., et al., 2010. The interprofessional socialization and valuing scale: A tool for evaluating the shift toward collaborative care approaches in health care settings. Work, 35(1), pp. 77-85. doi: 10.3233/WOR-2010-0959
31. Levett Jones, T. et al., 2011. Implementing a clinical competency assessment model that promotes critical reflection and ensures nursing graduates' readiness for professional practice. Nurse Education in Practice, 11(1), pp. 64–9. doi: 10.1016/j.nepr.2010.07.004 [DOI:10.1016/j.nepr.2010.07.004]
32. Limoges, J. & Jagos, K., 2015. The influences of nursing education on the socialization and professional working relationships of Canadian practical and degree nursing students: A critical analysis. Nurse Education Today, 35(10), pp. 1023–7. doi: 10.1016/j.nedt.2015.07.018 [DOI:10.1016/j.nedt.2015.07.018]
33. Lapa-Rodríguez, E. O., Trevizan, M. A. & Shinyashiki, G. T., 2008. Conceptual reflections about organizational and professional commitment in the health sector. Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem, 16(3), pp. 484–8. doi: 10.1590/s0104-11692008000300024 [DOI:10.1590/S0104-11692008000300024]
34. Love, K. L., 2010. The lived experience of socialization among african American nursing students in a predominantly white university. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 21(4), pp. 342–50. doi: 10.1177/1043659609360711 [DOI:10.1177/1043659609360711]
35. Mariet, J., 2016. Professional socialization models in nursing. International Journal of Nursing Education, 8(3), p. 143. doi: 10.5958/0974-9357.2016.00107.0 [DOI:10.5958/0974-9357.2016.00107.0]
36. Masters, K., 2015. Role development in professional nursing practice. Burlington: Jones & Bartlett Publishers.
37. Mohamed, Z. N. J. M. M. L., Newton, J. M. & McKenna, L., 2014. Belongingness in the workplace: A study of Malaysian nurses' experiences. International Nursing Review, 61(1), pp. 124-30. doi: 10.1111/inr.12078 [DOI:10.1111/inr.12078]
38. Neiterman, E. & Bourgeault, I. L., 2015. Professional integration as a process of professional resocialization: Internationally educated health professionals in Canada. Social Science & Medicine, 131, pp. 74–81. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.02.043 [DOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.02.043]
39. Nesje, K., 2015. Nursing students' prosocial motivation: Does it predict professional commitment and involvement in the job. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 71(1), pp. 115-25. doi: 10.1111/jan.12456 [DOI:10.1111/jan.12456]
40. Raeissi, P., et al., 2015. The relationship between nurses' organizational commitment and services quality. Journal of Client-Centered Nursing Care, 1(3), pp. 133-8.
41. Raparla, N. et al., 2017. A pilot program to improve nursing and surgical intern collaboration: Lessons learned from a mixed-methods study. The American Journal of Surgery, 213(2), pp. 292–8. doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2016.10.014 [DOI:10.1016/j.amjsurg.2016.10.014]
42. Rejon, J. C. & Watts, C., 2013. Supporting professional nurse socialisation: Findings from evidence reviews. London: Royal College of Nursing.
43. Sarkoohijabalbarezi, Z., Ghodousi, A. & Davaridolatabadi, E., 2017. The relationship between professional autonomy and moral distress among nurses working in children's units and pediatric intensive care wards. International Journal of Nursing Sciences, 4(2), pp. 117-21. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnss.2017.01.007 [DOI:10.1016/j.ijnss.2017.01.007]
44. Schmidt, B. J. & McArthur, E. C., 2017. Professional nursing values: A concept analysis. Nursing Forum, 53(1), pp. 69–75. doi: 10.1111/nuf.12211 [DOI:10.1111/nuf.12211]
45. Seada, A. & Fathi Sleem, W., 2012. Professional socialization process and acquisition of professional nursing values among undergraduate nursing students. Journal of American Science, 8(4), pp. 678-83.
46. Shaheem, A., Lotfi, M. & Rahmani, M., 2011. Level of professional socialization in registered nurses' Tabriz nurse Faculty. Tabriz Nursing Faculty, 20(2), pp. 15-25.
47. Stacey, G., et al., 2011. How do nurses cope when values and practice conflict. Nursing times, 107(5), pp. 20-3. [PMID]
48. Strouse, S. M. & Nickerson, C. J., 2016. Professional culture brokers: Nursing faculty perceptions of nursing culture and their role in student formation. Nurse Education in Practice, 18, pp. 10–15. doi: 10.1016/j.nepr.2016.02.008 [DOI:10.1016/j.nepr.2016.02.008]
49. Tahmasebi S. 2013a. [Explaning professional socialization and designing a valid and relible instument (Persian)] [Applied research]. Tehran: Shahid Beheshti Medical Science.
50. Tahmasebi, S., Ashk Torab, T., Ebadi, A. & Alavi Majd, H., 2013b. Professional socialization in clinical nurses: A phenomenological study. Journal of Clinical Nursing and Midwifery, 2(3), pp. 39-52.
51. Tahmasebi, S., 2013c. Explanation of nurses experiences from professional socialization and designing valid and reliable instrument [PhD Dissertation]. Tehran: Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Health Services.
52. Traynor, M. & Buus, N., 2016. Professional identity in nursing: UK students' explanations for poor standards of care. Social Science & Medicine, 166, pp. 186-94. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.08.024 [DOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.08.024]
53. Walton, J., Chute, E. & Ball, L., 2011. Negotiating the role of the professional nurse. Journal of Professional Nursing, 27(5), pp. 299–310. doi: 10.1016/j.profnurs.2011.04.005 [DOI:10.1016/j.profnurs.2011.04.005]
54. Zannini, L. et al., 2011. How do healthcare professionals perceive themselves after a mentoring programme: A qualitative study based on the reflective exercise of "writing a letter to yourself". Journal of Advanced Nursing, 67(8), pp. 1800–10. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2011.05615.x [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2011.05615.x]
55. Zarshenas, L., et al., 2014. Professional socialization in nursing: A qualitative content analysis. Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research, 19(4), p. 432-8. PMCID: PMC4145501 [PMID] [PMCID]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb