Volume 5, Issue 1 (Winter 2019)                   JCCNC 2019, 5(1): 43-52 | Back to browse issues page

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Farahaninia M, Tarvirdinasab S, Ahmadi Z, Rasouli M. The Relationship Between Knowledge About Coronary Heart Diseases Risk Factors and Health-promoting Lifestyle. JCCNC 2019; 5 (1) :43-52
URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-186-en.html
1- Nursing Care Research center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Community Health Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , farzanehnurse.2014@gmail.com
3- Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (3075 Views)
Background: Patients with coronary heart diseases need knowledge aboutshould know the risk factors of the disease to manage their illnesses. The aim of This study was aimed to investigate the relationship between knowledge about of coronary heart diseases risk factors and health-promoting lifestyle in adults living in Tabriz City. 
Methods: This descriptive correlational study was performed conducted on 346 adults above older than 18 years old that were selected by convenience sampling method from public places in Tabriz. The study Data data were collected by a demographic characteristics form, Heart Disease Fact Questionnaire (HDFQ) and Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile (HPLP) and. Then the obtained data were analyzed by analysis of variance, the Iindependent t-test, the Pearson correlation coefficient, and linear regression analysis using in SPSS V. 22.
Results: The knowledge of 57.51% of the participants about coronary heart disease risk factors was goodacceptable. Their Mean±SD score of health- promoting lifestyle was 136.30‌±21.15‌ (in at a moderate level). Spiritual growth dimension (M=26.8) and exercise and physical activity dimension (M=16.54) had the highest and lowest mean scores, respectively. The results also showed that there is a significant relationship between knowledge of coronary heart diseases risk factors and health-promoting lifestyle (P<0.001). There was a significant relationship between the knowledge of coronary heart disease risk factors with and variables of age, marital status, occupational status, economic status, history of diabetes, and lipid profile (P<0.05); but However, health-promoting lifestyle was only associated with history of diabetes (P=0.03).
Conclusion: Performing Educational interventions at different levels of prevention could be suggested to increase the knowledge of these patients about the risk factors of coronary heart disease and hopefully in hope of promoting their people’s lifestyle. 
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● Cardiovascular diseases are a significant public health issue that results in disability, mortality, and economic burden in most countries.
● Almost half of cardiovascular diseases are caused by coronary artery diseases. 
● Modifiable risk factors of heart disease such as unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, smoking, and overweight have a high prevalence in the community.
● According to the World Health Organization, the greatest achievement of advanced societies in preventing many diseases, like coronary artery diseases is due to the awareness of people and control of risk factors.
Plain Language Summary 
Health sciences that previously focused on the treatment of the diseases have now shifted to the prevention of diseases and promotion of health through lifestyle improvements. Health-promoting lifestyle will result in maintaining the function and independence of individuals, improving their quality of life, and reducing health care costs. This study aimed to examine the relationship between people’s awareness of risk factors of coronary heart diseases and health-promoting lifestyle. The study findings showed that the spiritual growth had the highest and exercise and physical activity the lowest mean scores of health-promoting lifestyle dimensions. The importance of physical activity in the prevention of coronary artery disease should be emphasized in these courses.

Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/08/8 | Accepted: 2018/12/23 | Published: 2019/02/1

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