Volume 5, Issue 2 (Spring 2019)                   JCCNC 2019, 5(2): 97-104 | Back to browse issues page


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Poorcheraghi H, Hekmatpou D, Mehrabi F. The Quality of Life of Patients With Different Leukemia Types. JCCNC 2019; 5 (2) :97-104
URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-214-en.html
1- Student Research Committee, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.
2- Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.
3- Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran. , Fmehrabi1392@Gmail.com
Abstract:   (2846 Views)
Background: Leukemia is among the major causes of mortality and disability and the seventh most prevalent cancer worldwide. It has various effects on the biopsychosocial, reproductive, and economic performance of individuals. This study compared the Quality of Life (QoL) of hospitalized patients with different leukemia. 
Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study. In total, 100 adolescent patients with leukemia hospitalized in Ayatollah Khansari Hospital in Arak City, Iran, were selected by purposive sampling method. The samples were evaluated for six months in 2018. The required data were collected by EORTC-QLQ-C30 Quality of Life questionnaire and analyzed by descriptive statistics (Mean±SD and frequency) and Chi-squared test, Fisher’s exact test, and t-test in SPSS. P≤0.5 was considered as significant. 
Results: The overall QoL Mean±SD score was 62.2±12.59, which was at a relatively appropriate level. The Mean±SD scores of life quality were 60.10±14.31 for chronic lymphocytic leukemia, 59.51±12.83 for acute lymphocytic leukemia, 66.61±10.94 for chronic myeloid leukemia, and 62.84±6.33 for acute myeloid leukemia. There were significant differences between the total QoL and its dimensions in different leukemia types (P<0.05). There was also a significant relationship between age, residency, and marital status of the patients, and their total QoL (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Patients with myeloid leukemia had a better QoL, compared to those with lymphocytic leukemia. The patients had better performance in the physical area and weaker performance in social domain. The knowledge of nurses and other healthcare members about these findings could be used to promote care and improve the QoL of patients with different leukemia types. 
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● There was a significant difference between the total quality of life and its dimensions in different leukemia types. 
● Patients with myeloid leukemia had a better QoL, compared to those with lymphocytic leukemia.
● Patients with leukemia had better performance in the physical area and weaker performance in the social domain.
● There was a significant relationship between the age, residency, and marital status of patients with leukemia and their total quality of life.
Plain Language Summary 
The current study assessed the quality of life of patients with different leukemia types in a hospital in Arak City, Iran. Moreover, the total life quality of these patients was at a relatively appropriate level; although it differed in various leukemia types. Therefore, there is a need to consider the leukemia type while providing these patients with biosocial, emotional, and cognitive needs. Generally, these patients had better and poorer performance in physical and social domains, respectively, in terms of life quality. It means that more attention should be paid to the social needs of these patients. 

Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/12/18 | Accepted: 2019/03/23 | Published: 2019/05/1

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