Volume 1, Issue 1 (Winter 2015 -- 2015)                   JCCNC 2015, 1(1): 3-8 | Back to browse issues page

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Borimnejad L, firooz A, Mortazavi H, Aghazadeh N, Halaji Z. The Effect of Expressive Writing on Psychological Distress in Patients with Vitiligo: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JCCNC 2015; 1 (1) :3-8
URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-23-en.html
1- Center for Nursing Care Research, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (3460 Views)

Objective: In this clinical trial, we examined whether or not expressive writing as a psychological intervention reduces psychological distress in vitiligo patients receiving phototherapy. 

Method: A total of 139 adult vitiligo patients were asked to complete the GHQ-28 in order to identify their psychiatric disturbances. The GHQ-28 scores showed that 78 patients (56.5%) had psychiatric distress. They were later enrolled in this randomized controlled trial conducted during June 2009 until Dec 2009 at Razi Hospital in Tehran. Patients were randomly divided into 2 groups. Group A underwent the routine treatment protocol. Group B did the same, but they were also instructed to practice ‘expressive writing’. The intervention continued 4 weeks. After 4 weeks, patients in both groups were re-evaluated using the GHQ-28. 
Results: The overall GHQ-28 scores and sub-scores were significantly reduced in both groups A (47.9+/-11.71, P = 0.000) and B (48.94+/-10.69, P = 0.000) after 4 weeks of intervention. However, no statistically significance difference was found between the two groups in terms of their overall scores (P = 0.7) and their sub-scores. 
Conclusion: The effect of expressive writing on reducing psychological distress in patients with vitiligo remains equivocal. Nonetheless, further studies with larger sample sizes and of longer duration especially in non-western cultural contexts are recommended.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2014/04/10 | Accepted: 2014/09/11 | Published: 2015/02/1

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