Volume 6, Issue 2 (Spring 2020)                   JCCNC 2020, 6(2): 125-134 | Back to browse issues page


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Badie A, Makvandi B, Bakhtiarpour S, Pasha R. Drug Cravings and Its Relationship With Family Communication Patterns and Resiliency Through the Mediatory Role of Difficulty in Cognitive Emotion Regulation. JCCNC 2020; 6 (2) :125-134
URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-261-en.html
1- Department of Psychology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran.
2- Department of Psychology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran. , makvandi203@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2113 Views)
Background: Clients visiting Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT) clinics frequently face relapse during treatment. The present study was done to investigate the relationship between family communication patterns and resiliency and craving for drugs through the mediatory role of difficulty in cognitive emotion regulation among clients treated with methadone.
Methods: This descriptive correlational study was done on 213 drug addicts who referred to Ahvaz methadone treatment clinics in 2019, selected using convenience sampling. The research instruments included the Revised Family Communication Patterns (RFCP), the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ), and Craving Beliefs Questionnaire (CBQ). The proposed model was evaluated by path analysis using AMOS software.
Results: The results revealed a significant negative relationship between family communication patterns and the craving for drugs (P<0.01). There was a significant negative relationship between resiliency and craving for drugs in clients treated with methadone (P<0.01). Difficulties in cognitive emotion regulation had a mediating role in the relationship between family communication and resiliency with a craving for drugs (P<0.05).
Conclusion: According to the results of this study, the proposed model had a good fit. The family communication patterns as the external and environmental factors, and resiliency as an internal and psychological factor, affect control over negative emotions and craving for drugs. Therefore, they must be considered by therapists to keep the client in the process of treatment.
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● Positive family communication patterns and resiliency had a negative effect on craving for drugs.
● There was a negative relationship between resiliency and family communication patterns with difficulty in cognitive emotion regulation.
● There was a positive and significant relationship between difficulty in cognitive emotion regulation and craving for drugs.
Plain Language Summary 
Drug craving involves an extreme desire to abuse drugs, and if not satisfied, it will result in psychological and physical suffering, including weakness, loss of appetite, insomnia, aggressiveness, and depression. Various factors, such as resiliency, family communication patterns, and cognitive emotion regulation affect craving for drugs. According to the results, positive communication between family members and resiliency have a negative effect on craving for drugs, whereas difficulty in cognitive emotion regulation has a positive effect on craving for drugs.

Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2020/01/27 | Accepted: 2020/04/3 | Published: 2020/05/1

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