Volume 8, Issue 1 (Winter - In Press 2022)                   JCCNC 2022, 8(1): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

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Makri Vala M, Farahbakhsh K, Salimi Bajestani H, Yunesi J. Comparing the Effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy and an Integrated Package of Gestalt Therapy and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy on the Self-Efficacy of Women with Breast Cancer. JCCNC. 2022; 8 (1)
URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-341-en.html
1- PhD Student in Counseling, Department of Psychology, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Psychology, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran. , farahbakhsh@atu.ac.ir
3- Department of Psychology, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (108 Views)
Background: Breast cancer as the most common prevalent cancer in Iran has linked with serious psychological consequences.  The aim of this study was to evaluate the comparative effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and an integrated package of Gestalt therapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy (GT-CBT) on the self-efficacy of women with breast cancer.
Methods: It was a quasi-experimental study with pretest - posttest design and a control group. Sixthly patients with breast cancer referring to the cancer clinic of Imam Khomeini Hospital in Tehran-Iran were recruited through convenience sampling and were randomly assigned to the control (n = 20), CBT (n = 20) and GT-CBT (n = 20) groups.  Data were collected by the Sherer Self-Efficacy Scale and were analyzed using descriptive (mean, standard deviation) and inferential statistics (analysis of covariance) in SPSS software version 20.0.
Results: the results indicated that both CBT and GT-CBT have significantly increased the self- efficacy of the subjects (eta = 0.73, F (51, 2) = 70.60, P<0.001). Post hoc test indicated that GT-CBT is more effective than CBT (P<0.05).
Conclusion: The results of this study showed that the effectiveness of GT-CBT on self-efficacy of the subjects was higher than CBT. Therefore, it is suggested to use integrated methods such as GT-CBT to enhance self-efficacy of patients with breast cancer.
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2021/11/12 | Accepted: 2021/12/25 | Published: 2022/01/20

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