Volume 8, Issue 2 (Spring 2022)                   JCCNC 2022, 8(2): 89-98 | Back to browse issues page


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Nurti T, Johari A, Naswir M, Herlambang H. The Effectiveness of the Models and Guidelines on Detecting High-risk Pregnancies: A Systematic Review. JCCNC. 2022; 8 (2) :89-98
URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-346-en.html
1- Department of Midwifery, Health Polytechnic of Jambi, Jambi, Indonesia. , tatypoltekkes@gmail.com
2- Department of Biology Education, Faculty of Mathematic and Science Programe, Jambi University, Jambi, Indonesia.
3- Department of Cemistry Education, Faculty of Mathematic and Science Programe, Jambi University, Jambi, Indonesia.
4- Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Jambi University, Jambi, Indonesia.
Abstract:   (175 Views)
Background: The models or guidelines that make it possible for pregnant mothers to diagnose high-risk pregnancy signs and symptoms are not clearly stated. This systematic review was conducted to answer the question: what models/guidelines have contributed to women’s knowledge/performance regarding the detection of a high-risk pregnancy?
Methods: This systematic review used the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) statement. The electronic databases used were PubMed, Cochrane, ProQuest, and Google Scholar from 2010 to 2021. The main inclusion criteria were English interventional educational studies on high-risk pregnant women in the antenatal period using models or guidelines with more than 20 subjects. Review articles, editorials, comments, not full texts, case reports, and meta-analytical or systematic review articles were excluded. National Institute of Health (NIH) study quality assessment tool was used to assess the quality rating of the articles. The risk of bias was assessed by two authors independently using the Cochrane Collaboration revised tool. The studies were analyzed qualitatively by collecting the main findings, the design, and the applied interventions.
Results: A total of 1,173 articles were obtained from the four databases used. After eliminating duplicates, thesis/dissertation, proceedings, book chapters, those with no inclusion criteria, no discussion of the high-risk pregnancy, and low quality based on the NIH for interventional studies, the remaining five articles were entered into the review process. Based on articles that met the inclusion criteria, it was found that the models used included the Health Belief Model, Bandura’s self-efficacy theory, the World Food Program flip-chart, the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, and the Effectiveness-Based Guidelines for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Women, with educational class and counseling approaches for women with high-risk pregnancies.
Conclusion: This systematic review showed a generally positive effect of various models and guidelines for educating high-risk pregnancy detection by pregnant women. Approaches to the application of the models included educational classes and counseling for these women. These models and guidelines have a significant effect on the ability of pregnant women to recognize the symptoms of a high-risk pregnancy.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2022/01/6 | Accepted: 2022/02/6 | Published: 2022/04/21

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