Volume 8, Issue 3 (Summer 2022)                   JCCNC 2022, 8(3): 147-158 | Back to browse issues page

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Alifariki L O, Susanty S, Sukurni S, J.Siagian H. The Relationship Between Maternal Depression and Stunting in Children: A Systematic Review. JCCNC 2022; 8 (3) :147-158
URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-367-en.html
1- Department of Epidemiology, School of Medicine, Halu Oleo University, Kendari, Indonesia. , ners_riki@yahoo.co.id
2- Department of Nursing, School of Medicine, Halu Oleo University, Kendari, Indonesia.
3- Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, College of Science and Technology, Sembilanbelas November University, Kolaka, Indonesia.
Abstract:   (1681 Views)
Background: Maternal health is essential for the growth and development of the child. Mothers’ depression can cause great harm to their children. Many studies have investigated stunting in children and its relationship with maternal depression. However, these studies have yielded different results. This systematic review aims to answer the question of “what is the relationship between maternal depression and stunting in children” in published articles.
Methods: This study used the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. The databases used included ScienceDirect, PubMed, ProQuest, and Cochrane Library setting the publication period between 2010 and 2021. The studies with observational designs, measuring maternal depression at any stage after childbirth, and examining child (under five) stunting status, using z-score or percentile were included. The quality of the studies was assessed using the Downs and Black tool, and the risk of bias was evaluated by the Cochrane Collaboration’s Risk of Bias Tool. Two authors extracted the data independently and the findings were synthesized qualitatively.
Results: The literature search yielded 611 articles, and only 14 articles were found to meet the inclusion criteria after removing duplicates, dissertations, editorials, comments, not full texts, and case reports. A total of eight articles showed a significant relationship between maternal depression and stunting. In contrast, the remaining six studies did not show an association between these variables. It seems that the tools for measuring depression and the age difference of children participating in the studies were important factors that affected the outcome of the relationship between maternal depression and children’s stunting. Also, episodic maternal depression does not appear to be associated with stunting.
Conclusion: The findings suggest that to prevent childhood stunting, initiatives may be needed to identify and support mothers with chronic depression. Future systematic reviews are suggested to investigate the relationship between maternal depression and children’s stunting in urban and rural communities or in high- and low-income countries in a broader time frame. 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2022/04/17 | Accepted: 2022/08/6 | Published: 2022/08/1

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