Volume 8, Issue 3 (Summer- In Press 2022)                   JCCNC 2022, 8(3): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

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Mehdipour F, Bastani F, Haghani H, Jahani H. The Effect of Acupressure on Pain Intensity and Activities of Daily Living (ADL) of Elderly Women. JCCNC. 2022; 8 (3)
URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-370-en.html
1- Iran University of Medical Sciences
2- Department of Community Health Nursing , School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences , faridehbastani@yahoo.com
3- Department of Community Health Nursing , School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences
4- School of Nursing and Midwifery, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Bahonar Street, Qazvin, Iran.
Abstract:   (86 Views)
Background: Chronic pain is one of the most common and serious problems in old age that if not controlled leads to reduced daily activities. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of acupressure on pain and daily activities in elderly women.  
Methods: This was a quasi-experimental study with pre-test post- test design which was conducted on 80 elderly women referred to the health centers of Qazvin Province- Iran. The subjects were randomly assigned into experimental (n = 40) and control (n = 40) groups. The data were collected by visual analogue scale (VAS) and Barthel Index (BI). The experimental group received 10 sessions of acupressure for three consecutive weeks on the related acupoints (LIV3, UB62, SP9, GB34, UB17, GB30, UB (UB25-UB11), GB20, GB21). Each acupoint was massaged for one minute in a circular motion until the elderly could bear it. The control group received sham acupressure. Post-test was performed one week after the end of 10 intervention sessions. The data were analyzed by Chi-square and independent t-test in SPSS software version 20. Significance level was set at p<0.05.
Results: Before the intervention, there was no statistically significant difference in the level of pain intensity (P = 0.352) and daily activities (p-value = 0.420) between the groups. After the intervention, the pain intensity of the intervention group decreased (P-value <0.001) and its daily activities improved compared to the control group (P-value <0.001).
Conclusion: According to the findings, the use of acupressure as an affordable, low-cost, easy and non-invasive complementary therapy is recommended to reduce pain intensity and promote ADL in older women.

Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2022/04/27 | Accepted: 2022/06/13 | Published: 2022/08/6

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