Volume 8, Issue 4 (Autumn 2022)                   JCCNC 2022, 8(4): 273-280 | Back to browse issues page

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Shahmardi S, Pourebrahim T, Hoobi M B. The Role of Family Emotional Atmosphere and Attachment Styles in Alexithymia of Married People. JCCNC 2022; 8 (4) :273-280
URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-380-en.html
1- Department of Counseling, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Tehran North Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Counseling, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Science, Shahid Beheshti University, and visiting Assistant Professor of Tehran North Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. , Tpourebrahim49@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1178 Views)
Background: The ability to create and maintain a satisfying relationship in the marital life requires an understanding of attachment styles, the family’s emotional atmosphere, recognizing and expressing mutual emotions, and understanding and accepting the spouse’s emotions. This study aimed to examine the role of family emotional atmosphere and attachment styles in predicting the alexithymia of married people.
Methods: This predictive correlational study was conducted on a sample of married men and women with marital communication problems who were referred to counseling centers in District 2 of Tehran Municipality in 2021. The subjects included 400 married men and women who were selected by stratified proportional sampling. The data were collected by the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), the Family Emotional Climate Questionnaire, and the Adult Attachment Scale (AAS) and were analyzed using the correlation coefficient test and multiple regression analysis by SPSS software, version 22.
Results: The results showed that secure and avoidant attachment styles were negatively correlated (r=0.38) with alexithymia. Furthermore, anxious/ambivalent attachment style was positively correlated with alexithymia (r=0.38). The family emotional atmosphere was negatively correlated with alexithymia (r=0.68) (P<0.01). Moreover, 46.6% of the variances in alexithymia were explained by family emotional atmosphere and attachment styles (R2=0.466).
Conclusion: The findings revealed that alexithymia as a psychological construct could be predicted by the family’s emotional atmosphere and the attachment styles of married people. Thus, providing training on social skills and emotional expression helps married people to identify positive and negative emotions and the inability to recognize their partner’s feelings
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2022/07/1 | Accepted: 2022/08/10 | Published: 2022/11/25

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