دوره 9، شماره 1 - ( 10-1401 )                   جلد 9 شماره 1 صفحات 78-69 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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Hasannezhad P, Khanjari S, Nikpajouh A, Hasannezhad Z, Haghani H, Sabeti F. Impact of Self-care Education on Self-efficacy and Quality of Life of Late Adolescents With Congenital Heart Disease. JCCNC 2023; 9 (1) :69-78
URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-416-fa.html
Impact of Self-care Education on Self-efficacy and Quality of Life of Late Adolescents With Congenital Heart Disease. نشریه مراقبت پرستاری مددجو محور. 1401; 9 (1) :69-78

URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-416-fa.html


چکیده:   (1165 مشاهده)
Background: Self-care of adolescents with congenital heart disease (CHD) is one of the challenges of the health care system. CHD is a common chronic disease that affects the quality of life (QoL) and self-efficacy of adolescents. This study compares the effectiveness of self-care education by face-to-face method and video clip (VC) on self-efficacy and QoL in late adolescents with CHD.
Methods: This research was a non-randomized clinical trial. A total of 111 late adolescents aged 18 to 21 years with CHD referred to Rajaie Cardiovascular, Medical, and Research Center in Tehran, Iran, were recruited by convenience sampling and non-randomly assigned to either control, face-to-face (F2F), or VC groups (37 subjects in each group). The F2F group participated in two educational sessions (each lasted 35-45 minutes) with an interval of one week, and the VC group received a 90-minute video to watch at home. The study data were collected before (T1) and two months after the intervention (T2), using the Generalized Self-Efficacy (GSE) scale and World Health Organization’s Quality of Life Questionnaire (WHOQOL-BREF) and analyzed in SPSS version 19 software using the Chi-square test, Fisher test, paired t test, Scheffé test, and ANOVA. The significance level was set at P<0.05.
Results: Before the intervention, demographic variables, self-efficacy, and QoL were not significantly different in the three groups. The self-efficacy significantly increased in the F2F (P<0.004) and VC groups (P<0.031) at T2. Furthermore, QoL dimensions significantly improved in the F2F and VC groups (P<0.05), except for the environment dimension (P>0.05).
Conclusion: Self-care education through F2F and VC significantly affects the self-efficacy and QoL of late adolescents. Such educational programs can greatly reduce the possible complications of the disease by empowering this group.
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نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: تخصصي
دریافت: 1401/6/22 | پذیرش: 1401/8/3 | انتشار: 1401/10/20

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