Volume 9, Issue 4 (Autumn 2023)                   JCCNC 2023, 9(4): 255-266 | Back to browse issues page

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Gheysari A, Farahaninia M, Hasanpoor-Azghady S B. Religious Coping and Health-promoting Lifestyle Among Iranian Infertile Women. JCCNC 2023; 9 (4) :255-266
URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-442-en.html
1- Department of Community Health Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , hasanpoorbatool@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (838 Views)
Background: Infertility is recognized as a stressful and critical experience worldwide and across cultures and disrupts individual, marital, family, and social stability. Religion serves as a source of support in dealing with health-related problems. This study investigates the relationship between religious coping mechanisms and health-promoting lifestyle (HPL) among Iranian infertile women.
Methods: A cross-sectional correlational study was conducted on 177 infertile women referring to the Sarem Sub-specialized Infertility Treatment and Research Center in Tehran City, Iran, 2019. The subjects were recruited by continuous sampling. The data in this study were collected using a demographic information form, the Iranian religious coping scale (IRCS), and the health-promoting lifestyle profile-II (HPLP-II). Statistical analyses, including the independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficient, were performed using SPSS software, version 22. The significance level was set at P<0.05.
Results: The highest mean was related to active religious coping (7.86±2.39), while passive religious coping (2.89±1.76) and negative feelings towards God (3.95±2.07) had the lowest mean scores. The Mean±SD score of health-promoting lifestyle was 128.34±13.46; the score range was 52-208, lower than the median score of the scale. A weak but significant inverse relationship was observed between negative feelings towards God and HPL (r=-0.19; P=0.013) and its three subscales: Physical activity (r=-0.18; P=0.019), nutrition (r=-0.21; P=0.011), and interpersonal relationships (r=-0.21; P=0.01). Also, a weak yet statistically significant inverse association was observed between passive religious coping and interpersonal relations (r=-0.18; P=0.029).
Conclusion: Considering that the mean HPL score of infertile women was lower than the median score of the scale, community-oriented education and care programs are recommended to improve HPL in infertile women. Teaching and strengthening positive/active religious coping strategies to improve HPL are also advised.

Corresponding author: Seyedeh Batool Hasanpoor-Azghady, Email: hasanpoorbatool@yahoo.com
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Health promotion is a process that improves people’s health and increases their control over it.
• In infertile women, the mean score of HPL was lower than the median score of the scale. 
• Among the 5 dimensions of religious coping mechanisms, the highest mean score pertained to active religious coping, while the lowest means belonged to passive religious coping, followed by negative feelings towards God.
• A weak but significant inverse relationship was observed between negative feelings towards God and health-promoting lifestyle.
• A weak yet significant inverse relationship was observed between passive religious coping and interpersonal relations.
Plain Language Summary 
Religion plays a crucial role in various aspects of some people’s lives. Religious coping, as well as religious beliefs and customs, can affect human well-being. Due to the physical, psychological, and financial consequences of infertility and its treatment process, infertile women may lack the motivation to enjoy a healthy lifestyle. However, religious coping can provide a new perspective by re-evaluating problems and giving these women hope. This study was conducted to determine the relationship between religious coping and health-promoting lifestyle. The results show that the health-promoting lifestyle in infertile women is lower than average. With the increase in negative feelings towards God, the health-promoting lifestyle and some of its dimensions, including physical activity, nutrition, and interpersonal relationships, decline. Also, with increased passive religious coping, interpersonal relationships decrease slightly.

Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2022/12/13 | Accepted: 2023/05/20 | Published: 2023/11/1

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