دوره 9، شماره 4 - ( 8-1402 )                   جلد 9 شماره 4 صفحات 308-297 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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Raygan L, Jahani S, Elahi N, Maraghi E, Fakoor M, Najafi S. The Impact of Self-acupressure on the Pain, Joint Stiffness, and Physical Functioning of Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis. JCCNC 2023; 9 (4) :297-308
URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-467-fa.html
The Impact of Self-acupressure on the Pain, Joint Stiffness, and Physical Functioning of Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis. نشریه مراقبت پرستاری مددجو محور. 1402; 9 (4) :297-308

URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-467-fa.html


چکیده:   (549 مشاهده)
Background: People with knee osteoarthritis have a low quality of life due to joint pain and stiffness, severely limiting their daily activities. This study aims to investigate the impact of self-acupressure on the pain, joint stiffness, and physical functioning of patients with knee osteoarthritis.
Methods: This randomized clinical trial was conducted on 78 patients aged 50 to 70 with knee osteoarthritis, referred to Imam Khomeini Hospital and private orthopedic clinics in Ahvaz City, Iran, in 2018. The patients were recruited based on the inclusion criteria and then randomly assigned to three groups: self-acupressure (n=26), sham (n=26), and control (n=26). Patients in the intervention group applied daily self-acupressure to 5 specific points around their knees for 8 consecutive weeks. The sham group applied pressure on the points different from those used by the intervention group. The control group received no intervention. The study data were collected using the Western Ontario and McMaster osteoarthritis index (WOMAC), visual analog scale (VAS), and a checklist for daily recordings of pain medication. The obtained data were analyzed using the chi-square test and analysis of variance in SPSS software, version 20. The significance level was set at P<0.05.
Results: The comparison of changes within the group showed that the intensity of pain in the intervention group decreased over time (P<0.0001). Also, the joint stiffness, physical functioning, and total WOMAC score significantly decreased in the intervention group (P<0.0001). The frequency of analgesic use was also reduced in the intervention group over time (P=0.026).
Conclusion: According to the results, self-acupressure effectively reduces the intensity of pain and joint stiffness and improves the physical performance of older adults with knee osteoarthritis. Overall, this easy and affordable intervention is recommended for this group.
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نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: عمومى
دریافت: 1401/12/7 | پذیرش: 1402/4/24 | انتشار: 1402/8/10

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