Volume 10, Issue 2 (Spring 2024)                   JCCNC 2024, 10(2): 101-112 | Back to browse issues page


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Hashemi M, Shekari-Bagheney M. Relationship Between Maternal Employment and Empathy, Positivity, and Personality Traits of Adolescent Girls. JCCNC 2024; 10 (2) :101-112
URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-497-en.html
1- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Khatam University, Tehran, Iran. , m.hashemi2@khatam.ac.ir
2- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Daneshe Alboorz University, Abyek, Iran.
Abstract:   (415 Views)
Background: The shift towards increased workforce participation by women, especially mothers, has given rise to intriguing questions about the potential implications for their children’s development. This study contributes to this discourse by comparing adolescent girls’ positivity, empathy, and personality traits with regard to working and non-working mothers.
Methods: This descriptive correlational study was carried out in Karaj City, Iran, in 2022. The subjects were 118 students aged 14-18 years from two separate high schools in an urban area recruited by multi-stage cluster random sampling. The sample was divided into two groups of students with working mothers (n=56) and non-working mothers (n=62). The data were collected using the Davis empathy questionnaire, positive psychotherapy inventory, Big Five questionnaire-children, and the researcher-made questionnaire on the mother’s employment status. The Pearson correlation coefficient, multivariate analysis of variance, the chi-square test, and the t-test were used for data analysis in SPSS software, version 25. The significance level was set at P<0.05.
Results: Girls with working mothers exhibited higher empathy levels (69.43±8.75) compared to those with non-working mothers (61.77±7.68) (P<0.05). Similarly, positivity scores were higher for girls with working mothers (57.29±9.00) than those with non-working mothers (44.13±12.02) (P<0.05). Significant differences were also found in the five major personality traits so that the girls with working mothers had higher mean scores (233.1±20.40) than those with non-working mothers (183.2±20.23) (P<0.05). 
Conclusion: The study revealed that maternal employment may significantly influence the development of empathy, positivity, and personality traits in adolescent girls. These findings underline the potential social and psychological benefits of maternal employment, with implications for understanding adolescent developmental outcomes in the context of family dynamics. Further research is needed to explore these relationships in detail, considering additional environmental and familial variables.

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● The research focuses on the potential psychological implications of maternal employment on adolescent girls, drawing upon constructs of empathy, positivity, and Big Five personality traits.
● The research progresses our understanding of the relationship between maternal employment status and adolescent girls’ psychological development.
● The findings revealed a direct correlation between maternal employment and higher levels of empathy, positivity, and personality development in adolescent girls, highlighting the potential societal and psychological benefits of maternal workforce participation.
Plain Language Summary 
This work discusses how a mother’s career can shape what kind of person her daughter grows up to be, focusing on empathy, positivity, and personality traits. Empathy is about understanding and sharing the feelings of others. Positivity involves a tendency to maintain a positive attitude and outlook on life. Personality traits refer to qualities like resilience (ability to recover quickly from difficulties), openness (willingness to experience new ideas and situations), and conscientiousness (being careful and diligent). We discovered that if a mother works, it could make her daughter more empathetic, positive, resilient, open, and conscientious. This means that a mother’s job can influence her daughter in good ways. It is essential to understand these findings because they show that when a mother works, it contributes to the family’s income and helps shape her daughter’s character and attitude. These findings shed new light on discussions about working moms and family life.

Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2023/06/5 | Accepted: 2023/12/19 | Published: 2024/05/1

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