Volume 10, Issue 1 (Winter-in press 2024)                   JCCNC 2024, 10(1): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

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Izadi-Avanji F S, Esmaeli T. Development and Psychometric Evaluation of the Information and Communication Technology Use Scale in Iranian Patients with Chronic Conditions. JCCNC 2024; 10 (1)
URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-506-en.html
1- Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.
2- Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran. , t.nursing91@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (87 Views)
Background: The high prevalence of chronic diseases and the associated costs have led to healthcare challenges for the global community. The use of information and communication technology (ICT) provides patients and healthcare providers with an opportunity to respond to healthcare demands. The study aimed at designing a scale for ICT use in patients with chronic conditions and evaluating its psychometric properties.
Methods: This exploratory sequential mixed-method study was conducted in Kashan, Iran from September 2020 to July 2021. In the qualitative phase, 18 patients with chronic conditions were recruited by purposeful sampling. The initial pool of 33 items was extracted in the qualitative phase through interviews with 18 participants. Psychometric evaluation of the scale was examined through face, content, and construct validities. The internal consistency of the scale was evaluated by Cronbach’s alpha and its stability was examined by test- retest. To evaluate the construct validity of the scale, a cross-sectional study was performed on 300 patients referring to internal wards of hospitals and private centers that provide services to patients with chronic diseases. A consecutive sampling method was used to select the subjects. Exploratory factor analysis was performed using principal component analysis and varimax rotation method in SPSS software, version 16.   
Results: The initial version of the scale consisted of 33 items. In the face and content validity assessment stages, 6 items were removed. Factor analysis by removing 4 items led to the extraction of 4 factors that explained 67.45% of the variance of the total score of the scale. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) were estimated at 0.93 and 0.88, respectively.  
Conclusion: The scale developed in this study is a valid and reliable tool to measure ICT use (including its various dimensions) by patients with chronic diseases.

Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2023/07/1 | Accepted: 2023/10/15 | Published: 2024/01/10

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