Volume 10, Issue 1 (Winter 2024)                   JCCNC 2024, 10(1): 45-54 | Back to browse issues page


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Xu M, Mohd Hashim A H, Chen Z. Application of A System Dynamics Model in Forecasting the Effect of Self-care Ability on the Quality of Life of Mildly Disabled Elderly in Nursing Homes. JCCNC 2024; 10 (1) :45-54
URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-513-en.html
1- Department of Education, Faculty of Social Science and Humanities, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Malaysia. , xumaoqiang0000@outlook.com
2- Department of Education, Faculty of Social Science and Humanities, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Malaysia.
Abstract:   (691 Views)
Background: The large number of mildly disabled elderly people in China has resulted in the occupation of a large amount of public social resources. They have also imposed a serious social burden on the society. This study predicts that changes in the level coefficients of physical functioning, motor participation, and external environment are associated with quality of life (QoL) among the elderly with mild disabilities in nursing homes. 
Methods: A simulation model was created using the system dynamics method. Meanwhile, a 50-day simulation was used to predict the subsequent changes in the level of QoL of the elderly. This study was completed in the nursing homes of Chengdu, China, using random sampling and 85 elderly subjects participated to obtain the primary data. The data were analyzed using the Vensim software.
Results: The results showed that the level of physical functioning (pain value of 0.241, autonomy of 0.163, and chronic disease of 0.192), the level of motor participation (education value of 0.186, and rehabilitation partner of 0.21), and the level of external environment (medical care value of 0.26, and rehabilitation environment value of 0.184) lead to subsequent changes in the level of QoL of mildly disabled elderly in nursing homes in 30 days.
Conclusion: Considering the results of this simulation study, changes in the level of physical functioning, exercise participation, and external environment could forecast the QoL of mildly disabled elderly in the nursing homes of Chania, China. It is necessary to make the required changes in the nursing homes to promote the QoL of these groups.
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● The number of nursing homes and nursing beds in China has vastly grown.
• Decline in the ability of daily life of mildly disabled elderly will intensify the occupation of public resources and severely affect the general capacity of society. Hence, improving the self-care ability of this group of people is of great importance.
• According to the results of this system dynamics study, the 50-day simulation predicted that a significant increase in body function, exercise participation, and level of external environment in the elderly with mild disability will improve their quality of life (QoL) in 30 days. 
Plain Language Summary 
Several factors affect the quality of life (QoL) of the elderly. This study examined the predictors of changes in the QoL of elderly people with mild disabilities in Chinese nursing homes. The findings showed that changes in body function, level of participation in exercise, and alterations in the external environment predict the QoL of the elderly and can make significant changes in their QoL in 30 days.

Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2023/07/26 | Accepted: 2023/09/10 | Published: 2024/01/10

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