Volume 2, Issue 3 (Summer 2016 -- 2016)                   JCCNC 2016, 2(3): 177-184 | Back to browse issues page

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Khachian A, Seyedoshohadaee M, Haghani H, Aghamohammadi F. Family-Centered Education and Self-care Behaviors of Patients With Chronic Heart Failure. JCCNC 2016; 2 (3) :177-184
URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-77-en.html
1- School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Statistics, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Department of Internal Surgery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , fa4768@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (4376 Views)

Background: As for high prevalence and incidence of heart failure, it can impose huge health, economic, and social burden on society. Education and self-care are important aspects of management in patients with heart failure, which can control the disease complications. This study aimed to investigate the effect of family-centered education approach on self-care behaviors of the patients with heart failure.

Methods: This research is a randomized clinical trial. The study has been conducted on 72 patients with heart failure hospitalized in Shahid Rajai cardiovascular, medical, and research center, Tehran, Iran, in 2015. Patients were randomly assigned into the intervention (family-centered) and control groups. The self-care behaviors were measured before and two months after intervention using questionnaires of the self-care behaviors. Data analysis was done using paired t test and independent t test by SPSS.

Results: Before intervention, mean (SD) values of self-care scores were 23.88 (4.71) and 21.50 (3.30) in the control and family-centered groups, respectively, with no statistically significant difference between two groups (P= 0.064). Two months after the intervention, mean (SD) values of self-care scores in control and intervention groups were 22.94 (4.71) and 42.31 (4.60), respectively. Statistical analysis showed that self-care behaviors in the family-centered group had a significant increase compared to the control group (P < 0.001).

Conclusion: Education with family-centered approach has a positive impact on the self-care behavior of patients with heart failure. With regard to our culture and the importance of family, it is suggested that this approach be used in addition to other training methods to improve self-care behaviors in patients with chronic diseases such as heart failure.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2016/07/26 | Accepted: 2016/08/1 | Published: 2016/12/22

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