Volume 6, Issue 1 (Winter - In Press 2020)                   JCCNC 2020, 6(1): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

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Khodabakhshi-Koolaee A. Comparison of Psychological Hardiness and Resiliency of Employed and Unemployed Female Headed Household. JCCNC. 2020; 6 (1)
URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-246-en.html
, a.khodabakhshid@khatam.ac.ir
Abstract:   (266 Views)
Background: Employed and unemployed women have their own problems. This could be more important for female headed households. Hardiness and resiliency are among the characteristics that are very important for fighting against the problems of life. The aim of this study is to Compare the psychological hardiness and resiliency of employed and unemployed female headed households.  
Materials and Methods: It was a descriptive comparative cross-sectional study. The sample included 120 female headed households (60 employed and 60 unemployed) living in Tehran during March to June 2018. The subjects were recruited among the women referring to the institutions affiliated with Imam Khomeini Relief Foundation in Tehran-Iran. The data were collected by    Psychological Hardiness Scale (PHS) and Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) and analysed by SPSS-version 21 software using frequency, mean, standard deviation and multivariate analysis of variance.  
Results: The results indicated that there is a significant difference between employed and unemployed women in terms of psychological hardiness (32.03±11.50 vs. 27.91±9.24) (p= 0.034)). In addition, there was a significant difference between these women in terms of resiliency (64.881±1.03 vs. 59.55±12.72, (p= 0.016). 
Conclusion: The results indicated that there was a significant difference between psychological hardiness and resiliency among employed and unemployed subjects.    It can be concluded that fundamental plans should be make for female headed households so that they can remain independent and pursuit a job.
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2020/02/22 | Accepted: 2020/05/18 | Published: 2020/07/13

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