Volume 7, Issue 3 (Summer 2021)                   JCCNC 2021, 7(3): 205-214 | Back to browse issues page

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Prasetyo Y B, Dewi Y S. Effects of Health Belief Model-based Education on Maternal Abilities to Caring for Children With Avoidant Restrictive Food Intake Disorder. JCCNC 2021; 7 (3) :205-214
URL: http://jccnc.iums.ac.ir/article-1-313-en.html
1- Department of Community Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Muhammadiyah University Muhammadiyah of Malang, Indonesia , yoyok@umm.ac.id
2- Department of Emergency Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia.
Abstract:   (1085 Views)
Background: Health education, using new approaches in the nursing area, is of great importance. The current study aimed to evaluate the effects of a health belief model-based education on maternal abilities to caring for children with Avoidant Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID). 
Methods: This was a quasi-experimental non-randomized controlled trial with pre-test, post-test and a control group design. In total, 30 families with children with ARFID in Malang regency, Indonesia were divided into experimental (n=15) and control (n=15) groups. The experimental group was trained based on the Health Belief Model (HBM); however, the control group received an education based on the routine nursing process model. The necessary data were collected by a researcher-made questionnaire constructed based on HBM constructs. The obtained data were analyzed in SPSS. Descriptive statistics, homogeneity test, and Paired-Samples t-test were used to outline the relationship between the dependent and independent variables. 
Results: HBM effectively improved maternal abilities to manage eating disorders (P=0.009), promoting behaviors (P=0.000), and paternal involvement (P=0.000).
Conclusion: HBM-Based education is recommended to be used in the provision of training in the mothers of children with ARFID.
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● The mean score of motherhood abilities in the experimental group was significantly higher than that of the control group. 
● Health Belief Model-Based education improved the explored mothers’ abilities to manage the eating disorders of their children.
● Health Belief Model-Based education improved the promoting behaviors of the mothers of children with ARFID. 
● Health Belief Model-Based education improved the examined mothers’ abilities in the involvement of fathers in caring for their children with ARFID.
Plain Language Summary 
Health promotion and preventive behaviors are the most basic strategies in improving maternal abilities to manage eating disorders, promoting behavior, and paternal involvement. The present study results indicated that health belief model-based education improves maternal abilities to take care of their children with ARFID according to the criteria of managing eating disorders, promoting behaviors, and paternal involvement.

Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2021/06/3 | Accepted: 2021/07/4 | Published: 2021/08/1

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